circumgyrate

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

circumgyre (obsolete)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Medieval Latin circumgȳrō;[1] equivalent to circum- +‎ gyrate

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˌsə.kəmˈdʒaɪ.ɹeɪt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˌsɝ.kəmˈdʒaɪ.ɹeɪt/

Verb[edit]

circumgyrate (third-person singular simple present circumgyrates, present participle circumgyrating, simple past and past participle circumgyrated)

  1. (intransitive) To move around something.
    Synonym: orbit
    • 1926, Baker Brownell, The New Universe: A Biography of the Worlds in Which We Live, New York: Van Nostrand, Book 1, Chapter 3, p. 47,[2]
      Only an incident in the sun’s system is eight small potatoes, called planets, circumgyrating at distances from 36 million to 2,791 million miles from the central sun.
    • 1983, Doris Lessing, The Sentimental Agents in the Volyen Empire, New York: Vintage, 1984, p. 7,[3]
      Volyendesta is a watery planet, with a large, rapidly circumgyrating moon afflicting its inhabitants with a vast variety of unstable moods []
  2. (transitive) To cause to move around something; to cause to orbit.
    • 1642, Henry More, Psychodia Platonica, or, A Platonicall Song of the Soul, Cambridge: Roger Daniel, Book 1, Canto 2, stanza 43, p. 18,[4]
      The soul about it self circumgyrates
      Her various forms,
  3. (intransitive) To turn in a circle around an axis or fixed point.
    Synonyms: revolve, rotate, spin
    • 1874, Lord Robert Montagu, Expostulation in Extremis, London: Burns & Oates, p. 46,[5]
      Indirect power is the same as that which is sometimes called directive power or potestas directiva. For the word “direct,” one day, got up and turned its back upon itself. Its meaning has circumgyrated.
  4. (transitive) To cause to turn in a circle around an axis or fixed point.
    Synonyms: rotate, spin
    • 1654, Walter Charleton, Physiologia Epicuro-Gassendo-Charltoniana, or, A Fabrick of Science Natural, Book 4, Chapter 2, Section 1, p. 439,[6]
      [] a wheel, when circumgyrated upon its Axe, is sensibly moved, but not removed from one place to another.
    • 2005, Luis Tamargo (translator), My Sax Life by Paquito D’Rivera, Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, “Music and Musicians,” p. 22,[7]
      [] the one who impressed me most [was] a rumba dancer [] known for dancing to the rhythm of Cuban drums in a bikini with silver fringes while somehow circumgyrating at variable and independent speeds, each of her enormous tits []
  5. (intransitive) To make circuits (around an area or space).
    • 1854, George Ballantine, Autobiography of an English Soldier in the United States Army, New York: Stringer & Townsend, Chapter 13, p. 159,[8]
      [] every motion of the small fish playing in its [the stream’s] pellucid pools, was as distinctly visible as those of the unfortunate goldfish one sometimes observes pensively circumgyrating in the interior of its enchanted globular ball in the shop-window.
    • 1899, Clement Boulton Roylance Kent, The English Radicals: A Historical Sketch, London: Longmans, Green, Chapter 2, p. 205,[9]
      [] the philosopher with his long white hair hanging down his shoulders, either writing in his library or “circumnavigating” round his garden []
  6. (intransitive) To be formed into a bent or curved shape (around something).
    • 1850, Oliver Tiffany, Canada Patent No. 298,“Certain improvement in the apparatus for warming houses,” Patents of Canada, from 1849 to 1855, Volume 2, Toronto, 1865,[10]
      [] it circumgyrates round the stove, and exposes its large surfaces to the air warming space []
  7. (transitive) To form into a bent or curved shape.
    Synonyms: contort, twine, twist, wreathe
    • 1692, John Ray, The Wisdom of God Manifested in the Works of the Creation, London: Samuel Smith, 2nd edition, Part 2, p. 64,[11]
      [] that [] all the Glands of the Body should be Congeries of various sorts of Vessels curl’d, circumgyrated and complicated together, whereby they give the Blood time to stop and separate through the Pores of the capillary Vessels into the Secretory ones,
    • 1894, George Washington Cable, John March, Southerner, New York: Scribner, Chapter 46, p. 268,[12]
      You can’t begin to try to tell him till you’ve clean circumgyrated yourself away down into his confidence.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ L. Quicherat and A. Daveluy, Dictionnaire Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, 46th edition, 1910, p. 236.[1]