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cladodes of Ruscus are leaf-like and photosynthetic
The photosynthetic stems of the Allocasuarina are not leaf-like, however still considered cladodes.
cladodes of Opuntia are flattened stems


cladode (plural cladodes)

  1. (botany) A flattened organ arising from the stem of a plant, often replacing the leaves in photosynthetic function, as leaves in such plants (for example asparagus, butchers broom) are typically reduced to scales. [1]
  2. A generally flattened shoot as of certain cactuses.


See also[edit]

  • phylloclade — a leaflike cladode, with unlimited extension growth


  1. ^ Acquisition and Diversification of Cladodes: Leaf-Like Organs in the Genus Asparagus