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  • IPA(key): /kənˈfaʊndɪd/
  • Hyphenation: con‧found‧ed



  1. simple past tense and past participle of confound
    • 1831, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Romance and Reality, volume 3, page 124:
      Here Mrs. Higgs paused for a moment, and drew out a huge red pocket-handkerchief, with which her face was for some minutes confounded.


confounded (comparative more confounded, superlative most confounded)

  1. confused, astonished
  2. defeated, thwarted
    • 1674, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book I, lines 50–3:
      Nine times the Space that measures Day and Night
      To mortal men, he with his horrid crew
      Lay vanquisht, rowling in the fiery Gulfe
      Confounded though immortal: []
  3. damned, accursed, bloody
    The confounded thing doesn't work.
    • 1886, Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, H.L. Brækstad, transl., Folk and Fairy Tales, page 177:
      "This is all stuff and nonsense," said the king; "I shall have to go myself, if we are to get this confounded whistle from him."
    • 1899 Feb, Joseph Conrad, “The Heart of Darkness”, in Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, page 202:
      Some confounded fact we men have been living contentedly with ever since the day of creation would start up and knock the whole thing over.

Derived terms[edit]