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Old Irish[edit]


From com- +‎ meilid.



con·meil (verbal noun commailt)

  1. to rub, grind
    • c. 700–800, Táin Bó Cúailnge, from the Yellow Book of Lecan, published in The Táin Bó Cúailnge from the Yellow Book of Lecan, with variant readings from the Lebor na hUidre (1912, Dublin: Hodges, Figgis, and Co.), edited by John Strachan and James George O'Keeffe, TBC-I 1286
      Comail [Commail, LU] uilche smertha dam-sa lat. Ní hétar forsin trénfer comracc frim cen uilchi.
      Smear a [false] beard onto me. I'm not able to fight the warrior [Nadcrantail] without a beard.
    • c. 700–800, Táin Bó Cúailnge, published in Táin Bó Cúailnge. Recension I (1976, Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Cecile O'Rahilly, TBC-I 1200
      To·ficfat Ulaid assa noíndin ⁊ coto[n]·mélat ar [s]múr ⁊ grïan.
      The Ulstermen will come back from their nine-day debilitation and grind us into dust and gravel.
    • c. 750-800, Tairired na nDessi from Rawlinson B 502, published in "The Expulsion of the Dessi", Y Cymmrodor (1901, Society of Cymmrodorion), edited and with translations by Kuno Meyer, vol. 14, pp. 104-135, paragraph 20
      Téit iarum ina dáil ⁊ cot·meil foraib ⁊ gíallaid gail ⁊ gonair forsind ath fri Indeoin aníar.
      [Docheth the cow] then went into an encounter [with the army of Ossory], attacked them [lit. rubbed himself on them], [was subdued by their wrath?], and was slain at the ford to the west of Indeoin.
    • c. 900, Sanas Cormaic, from the Yellow Book of Lecan, Corm. Y 883
      To·bert iarom Corpri béoil co mór im a heim ⁊ con·amailt saill ⁊ boṡaill foa[e].
      Coirpre then put much grease on the handle [of his jewel-laden dagger] and rubbed bacon and corned beef on it [so that he can bait a dog to damage his dagger].
  2. to consume
  3. to destroy



  • Irish: cuimil


Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
also con·mmeil
pronounced with /-ṽ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]