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See also: dùil



Etymology 1[edit]

MacBain suggests a relation to Ancient Greek θυμός (thumós, soul, desire, passion) and Lithuanian dūmas (smoke) (NB: Perhaps erroneously, MacBain glosses the Lithuanian as dumas (thought)). Regardless, if true, it would be from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *dʰewh₂- (smoke).


dúil f (genitive singular dúile)

  1. desire, like, hankering, appetite
    Níl dúil i mbainne agam.I have no desire for milk.
    D’imigh mo dhúil as an mbiadh.I lost my appetite for food.
    Blais é agus tiocfaidh dúil agat ann.Taste it and you will get an appetite for it.
    dúil an anmaan intense desire
    cuirim dúil iI desire
    Glacann dúil in athrú mé.I became desirous of change.
    Ghlac dúil mé féin sna cártaí.I became enamored of card-playing.
    dúil chráitea craving
    dúil nimheconsuming desire
    Synonyms: fonn, mian, saint
  2. expectation, hope
    ag dúil leisexpecting him, looking out for him
    mar dhúil is goin the hope that
    Synonyms: dóchas, súil
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish dúil.


dúil f (genitive singular dúile, nominative plural dúile)

  1. element (simplest or essential part or principle of anything; simplest chemical substance; basic building blocks in ancient philosophy)
    Synonyms: eilimint, uraiceacht
  2. (in plural) the elements (atmospheric forces)
    a Dhia na ndúlO God of Nature
    Thug sé Dia agus dúile.He swore by God and the elements.
    ó Dhia is ó dhúilefrom God and the elements
  3. creature, being
    dúil dhaonnaa human creature
    dúil ainglían angelic being
    dúil bheoa living thing
    An dúil de dhéithe í?Is she a being from the gods?
    dúil dár dhligh searca being who deserved to be loved
    Synonyms: créatúr, neach
Derived terms[edit]


Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dúil dhúil ndúil
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]


(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)



dúil f

  1. element
  2. being, creature
  3. thing


Feminine i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative dúil dúilL dúiliH
Vocative dúil dúilL dúiliH
Accusative dúilN dúilL dúiliH
Genitive dúloH, dúlaH dúloH, dúlaH dúileN
Dative dúilL dúilib dúilib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]


  • Irish: dúil
  • Scottish Gaelic: dùil


Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dúil dúil
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.