decerebrate

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

de- +‎ cerebrate

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

decerebrate (not comparable)

  1. (biology) Having the cerebrum removed.
    • 1908, C. S. Sherrington, “On plastic tonus and proprioceptive reflexes”, in Quarterly Journal of Experimental Physiology[1], page 117:
      In this respect the decerebrate condition offers some resemblance to the cataleptic state.
    • 1937, Christian A. Ruckmick, “Psychology tomorrow”, in Psychological Review[2], volume 44, page 148:
      Take for instance the startling example of the experiments of Wever and Bray, when tones were led into the external meatus of the ear of a decerebrate cat and then greatly amplified electrical currents were tapped from the eighth cranial or auditory nerve.
    • 1997 November 7, Gonzalo Viana Di Prisco et al., “Role of Sensory-Evoked NMDA Plateau Potentials in the Initiation of Locomotion”, in Science[3], volume 278, number 5340, DOI:10.1126/science.278.5340.1122, pages 1122-1125:
      All brain tissue rostral to the diencephalon was removed, making the preparation a decerebrate one.

Verb[edit]

decerebrate (third-person singular simple present decerebrates, present participle decerebrating, simple past and past participle decerebrated)

  1. To remove the cerebrum in order to eliminate brain function.
    • 1876, “Is craniotomy, cephalotripsy, or cranioclasm, preferable to the Cæsarean section in pelves ranging from one and a half to two and a half inches?”, in Transactions of the New York Academy of Medicine[4], page 206:
      [] and the correct principles of delivering it through the different straits of the pelvis after the head has been decerebrated and crushed.
    • 1891 October 1, “The New Hypnotics”, in The Dental & Surgical Microcosm[5], volume 1, number 2:
      The method employed was to decerebrate a frog, to wait till the shock of this operation had so far passed off, to ligate the iliac artery and vein of one limb []
    • 2014, Shih-Chii Liu, Event-Based Neuromorphic Systems[6], page 94:
      This conceptual experiment can be physically demonstrated by decerebrating or spinalizing an animal and using a neuromuscular blockade or deafferentiation to remove rhythmic sensory feedback.

Translations[edit]


Italian[edit]

Verb[edit]

decerebrate

  1. second-person plural present indicative of decerebrare
  2. second-person plural imperative of decerebrare
  3. feminine plural of decerebrato