dropsy

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English ydropsy, from Old French idropsie, ydropisie, from Latin hydropisis, from Ancient Greek ὕδρωψ (húdrōps), from ὕδωρ (húdōr, water). Doublet of hydropsy and hydrops.

Noun[edit]

dropsy (usually uncountable, plural dropsies)

  1. (pathology) Swelling, edema, often from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
    • 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The Tempest”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene i]:
      Caliban: The dropſie drowne this foole, []
    • 1911, Joseph Addison, Encyclopædia Britannica:
      The disease under which Addison laboured appears to have been asthma. It became more violent after his retirement from office, and was now accompanied by dropsy.

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