dvīnis

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Latvian[edit]

Dvīņi

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *dwis (twice, twofold) (with an extra sufix *-no, *-nyo), from *dwi- (two), whence also divi (two) (q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian dvynỹs, Old High German zwiniling (< *twi-na-), German Zwilling, English twin, Latin bini (in twos, in pairs) (< *dwis-no-).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

dvīnis m (2nd declension, feminine form: dvīne)

  1. (male) twin (a boy born together with another child from one mother)
    dvīņu brālistwin brother (a man with a twin brother or sister)
    dvīņu māsatwin sister (a woman with a twin brother or sister)
    dvīņu zvaigznetwin star (i.e., a double star)
    dvīņu klētstwin barn (i.e., two barns under the same roof)
    dvīņi ir līdzīgi pēc ārienestwins are similar in appearance
    Kaspars domāja par saviem dvīņiem — Kaspars thought about his twins (children)
    turcietei piedzimuši dvīņi, zēns un meitene — the Turkish woman gave birth to twins, a boy and a girl

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The singular forms exist but are much less frequent in actual usage than the plural forms (e.g., dvīņu brālis, with dvīņu used adjectivally, is more frequent than dvīnis).

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “dvīņi” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7