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From Proto-Indo-European *dwis ‎(twice, twofold) (with an extra sufix *-no, *-nyo), from *dwi- ‎(two), whence also divi ‎(two) (q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian dvynỹs, Old High German zwiniling (< *twi-na-), German Zwilling, English twin, Latin bini ‎(in twos, in pairs) (< *dwis-no-).[1]




dvīnis m (2nd declension, feminine form: dvīne)

  1. (male) twin (a boy born together with another child from one mother)
    dvīņu brālis‎ ― twin brother (a man with a twin brother or sister)
    dvīņu māsa‎ ― twin sister (a woman with a twin brother or sister)
    dvīņu zvaigzne‎ ― twin star (i.e., a double star)
    dvīņu klēts‎ ― twin barn (i.e., two barns under the same roof)
    dvīņi ir līdzīgi pēc ārienes‎ ― twins are similar in appearance
    Kaspars domāja par saviem dvīņiem‎ ― Kaspars thought about his twins (children)
    turcietei piedzimuši dvīņi, zēns un meitene‎ ― the Turkish woman gave birth to twins, a boy and a girl


Usage notes[edit]

The singular forms exist but are much less frequent in actual usage than the plural forms (e.g., dvīņu brālis, with dvīņu used adjectivally, is more frequent than dvīnis).

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dvīņi”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7