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See also: Epicurean



From Epicurean (follower of Epicureanism).



epicurean (comparative more epicurean, superlative most epicurean)

  1. Pursuing pleasure, especially in reference to food or comfort.
    • 1847, George Frederick Augustus Ruxton, Adventures in Mexico and the Rocky Mountains, page 267:
      The powers of the Canadian voyageurs and hunters in the consumption of meat strike the greenhorn with wonder and astonishment; and are only equalled by the gastronomical capabilities exhibited by Indian dogs, both following the same plan in their epicurean gorgings.
    • 1922, P. B. M. Allan, The Book-Hunter at Home[1], 2nd edition, London: Philip Allan & Co., page 61:
      Though a list of the great writers contain all the constituents of an Epicurean feast, yet to most of us it resembles the menu of a Gargantuan banquet.
  2. Devoted to luxurious living.



epicurean (plural epicureans)

  1. One who is devoted to pleasure.
    • 1855, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, “Maud”, in Maud, and Other Poems[2], page 22:
      I keep but a man and a maid, ever ready to slander and steal ; / I know it, and smile a hard-set smile, like a stoic, or like / A wiser epicurean, and let the world have its way.

Usage notes[edit]

Modern accepted use of the terms epicurean and Epicureanism refers often to the appreciation of, and indulgence in good food (gourmet), luxury, hedonism, and sensual pleasure. This strays significantly from the original philosophic intent of Epicureanism. The philosophy indeed elevated pleasure and happiness as the most worthy pursuit, but specifically warned against fine food and frequent sex, for it could lead to dissatisfaction later. Instead, the goal was a long-term pleasure, marked by serenity and temperance, achieved through moderation rather than indulging. Modern senses of gourmet, luxury, hedonism, sensual pleasure and lust are mostly in contrast with the original ancient teachings.




epicurean m or n (feminine singular epicureană, masculine plural epicureni, feminine and neuter plural epicurene)

  1. Obsolete form of epicurian.



  • epicurean in Academia Română, Micul dicționar academic, ediția a II-a, Bucharest: Univers Enciclopedic, 2010. →ISBN