ff.

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See also: ff, fF, , FF, and

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Abbreviation of Latin folio (on the (next) page), ablative of folium (leaf, page).

Phrase[edit]

ff.

  1. and the following (pages, paragraphs etc.)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The abbreviation ff. is used in citation to refer to a section for which no final page number can usefully be given. If there is only a single section following, f. may be used instead.
  • More properly, it is still used, as originally, to refer to the next page or pages in a citation. As such, Hornblower 258 f. would refer to pages 258–259, whereas 258 ff. would refer to an undetermined number of pages following page 258.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Danish[edit]

Phrase[edit]

ff.

  1. ff. (and the following pages)

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the plural of the abbreviation of New Latin foliō (on the (next) page), ablative of folium (leaf, page). Later also explained as an abbreviation of folgende.

Adjective[edit]

ff. (not comparable)

  1. (of pages) Abbreviation of folgende(n) pl (“following”, “subsequent”)
  2. akin to English ff., et seqq.. (The word fortfolgend has been coined as a folk etymological explanation of this abbreviation and is not encountered in other use than this fanciful explanation, which is in fact a backronym.)
    • 1926–8, Leumann–Hofmann–Szantyr, Lateinische Grammatik I: Lateinische Laut- und Formenlehre (2nd ed., 1977), Formenlehre Nomen II.B, § 273:1.d, page 290:
      Lit. zu den Gentilicia (aus Patronymika): Schulze, EN 385 f. -eius, 432 ff. -eius (bei etrusk. Namenstämmen älter noch -aeus), 457 f. -eius und -uleius; dazu 284 lēguleius sterteius.
      Literature pertaining to nomina gentilicia (from patronyms): Schulze, EN 385 f. -eius, 432 ff. -eius (older still in Etruscan name stems -aeus), 457 f. -eius and -uleius; as in 284 lēguleius sterteius.