fouce

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Galician[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

13th century. From Old Galician and Old Portuguese fouce (attested in the Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Latin falx, falcem, from Proto-Indo-European *dhalk-, *dhalg- (a cutting tool). Cognate with Portuguese foice, Asturian foz, Spanish hoz.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈfowθe̝/, (western) /ˈfowse̝/

Noun[edit]

fouce f (plural fouces)

  1. a strong sickle usually provided with a large handle
    • 1474, Antonio López Ferreiro (ed.), Galicia Histórica. Colección diplomática. Santiago: Tipografía Galaica, page 66:
      tres fouçiñas, e dous fouçiños, e hun legon, e hun sacho, e hun escoupere, e hua eyxola grande, e hua serra de mao, e outra eyxola de peto, e tres fouçes, e duas choquas
      thee sickles, and two small sickles, a hoe, a mattock, a chisel, a large axe, a handsaw, a hatchet, three long sickles, and two cowbells
  2. scythe
    Synonym: gadaña

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • "fouce" in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • fouc” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • fouç” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • fouce” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • fouce” in Santamarina, Antón (coord.): Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.
  • fouce” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fouce f (plural fouces)

  1. Alternative form of foice