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A user has added this entry to requests for verification(+) giving the reason: "Dictionaries (Georges, L&S) have "gelus, ūs, m." (L&S: gĕlus, ūs, m.) and mention "Nom. gelus, [...] Akk. gelum [...]" with references. So nominative gelus and accusative gelum should exist, which could belong to both gelus (*gelūs, m.) and gelus (*gelī, m.). However, the genitive gelī and the dative and ablative gelō of gelus could be unattested. (Note: The genitive gelī and dative and ablative gelō could also belong to gelum.) Also the genitive gelūs, dative geluī etc. for gelus could be unattested. If no further forms of any gelus can be attested, then maybe one should note that the nominative gelus and accusative gelum are the only attested forms and could belong to both gelus (*-ūs, m.) and gelus (*-ī, m.)."
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gelus m (variously declined, genitive *gelūs or *gelī); fourth declension, second declension

  1. Alternative form of gelu

Usage notes[edit]

  • Nominative singular gelus and accusative singular gelum are attested in ancient Latin (Old, Classical, Late Latin). These forms could belong to both the second declension (genitive *gelī) and the fouth declension (genitive *gelūs). In dictionaries (Lewis and Short, Gaffiot) it is mentioned as a fourth declension noun.


Fourth declension.
Case Singular Plural
nominative gelus gelūs
genitive gelūs geluum
dative geluī gelibus
accusative gelum gelūs
ablative gelū gelibus
vocative gelus gelūs
Second declension.
Case Singular Plural
nominative gelus gelī
genitive gelī gelōrum
dative gelō gelīs
accusative gelum gelōs
ablative gelō gelīs
vocative gele gelī



  1. genitive singular of gelū


Old French[edit]


From Late Latin. See jalous.


gelus m (oblique and nominative feminine singular geluse or gelusse)

  1. eager; zealous
  2. jealous
    circa 1250, Marie de France, Lai de Guigemar,
    Gelus esteit a desmesure
    He was jealous, incredibly so