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See also: grian

Old Irish[edit]


From Proto-Celtic *grēnā. Further etymology uncertain. Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰer- (to be warm, hot).[1]

Matasović reconstructs Proto-Celtic *gʷrensnā, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰrenso- (warm) (whence Sanskrit घ्रंस (ghraṃsa, heat of the sun) and Proto-Celtic *gʷrensos, whence Middle Welsh gwres (heat (of the sun, fire)), compare also Proto-Celtic *gʷrīns, whence derived *gʷrīnsā > Old Irish grís (heat (of the sun), fire, embers).



grían f

  1. sun


Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative gríanL gréinL gríanaH
Vocative gríanL gréinL gríanaH
Accusative gréinN gréinL gríanaH
Genitive gréineH gríanL gríanN
Dative gréinL gríanaib gríanaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]


  • Irish: grian
  • Manx: grian
  • Scottish Gaelic: grian


Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
grían grían
pronounced with /ɣ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.


  1. ^ Nikolaev, Alexander (Fall/Winter 2009), “The Germanic word for ‘sword’ and delocatival derivation in Proto-Indo-European”, in The Journal of Indo-European Studies[1] (PDF), volume 37, issue 3/4, archived from the original on 8 August 2014, retrieved 10 July 2016, page 478

Further reading[edit]