grian

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: grían and grian-

Bavarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German gruoni, from Proto-West Germanic *grōnī, from Proto-Germanic *grōniz. Cognate with German grün, Dutch groen, English green, Icelandic grænn.

Adjective[edit]

grian

  1. (Timau) green

References[edit]

  • “grian” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish grían (sun), from Proto-Celtic *grēnā.

an ghrian

Noun[edit]

grian f (genitive singular gréine, nominative plural grianta)

  1. (the) sun
  2. (figuratively) paragon
Declension[edit]

Archaic weak plural forms:

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

grian (present analytic grianann, future analytic grianfaidh, verbal noun grianadh, past participle grianta)

  1. (transitive) to sun (expose to the warmth and radiation of the sun)
  2. (transitive, photography) to solarize (subject to solarization)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish grïan.

Noun[edit]

grian m (genitive singular griain)

  1. Alternative form of grean (gravel, grit; coarse sand)
  2. (of sea, lake, river) bottom
  3. earth, ground, land
  4. surface

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
grian ghrian ngrian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish grían (sun), from Proto-Celtic *grēnā.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡriːn/, [ɡriᵈn]

Noun[edit]

grian f (genitive singular greiney, plural grianyn)

  1. sun
    Plaasyn prinsoil glistral myr whilleen grian.Princely palaces shining like so many suns.
    Ta'n ghrian yial er chooilleen e jurnaa.The bright sun has finished her journey.
  2. sunlight
  3. sunshine

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
grian ghrian ngrian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

grïan (gender unknown)

  1. gravel
  2. sand
  3. bottom (of river)
  4. floor (of sea)

Inflection[edit]

The declension of this term is known to be an o-stem, but the gender is unknown. Both possibilities are presented here.

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative grian
Vocative griain
Accusative grianN
Genitive griainL
Dative griunL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative grianN
Vocative grianN
Accusative grianN
Genitive griainL
Dative griunL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
grian grian
pronounced with /ɣ(ʲ)-/
ngrian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish grían (sun), from Proto-Celtic *grēnā.

Noun[edit]

grian f (genitive singular grèine, plural grianan)

  1. sun

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
grian ghrian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]