grian

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: grían

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish grían ‎(sun), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰreynā, from *gʰer- ‎(to shine, glow; grey).

an ghrian

Noun[edit]

grian f ‎(genitive singular gréine, nominative plural grianta)

  1. (the) sun
    1. sunshine
    2. (figuratively) paragon
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

grian ‎(present analytic grianann, future analytic grianfaidh, verbal noun grianadh, past participle grianta)

  1. (transitive) sun
  2. (transitive, photography) solarize
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish grian (see below).

Noun[edit]

grian m ‎(genitive singular griain)

  1. Alternative form of grean ‎(gravel, grit; coarse sand)
  2. (of sea, lake, river) bottom
  3. earth, ground, land
  4. surface

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
grian ghrian ngrian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

External links[edit]

  • "grian" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • grían” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • grian” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish grían, from Proto-Indo-European *ghreinā, from Proto-Indo-European *gher- ‎(to shine, glow; grey).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɡriːn], [ɡriᵈn]

Noun[edit]

grian f ‎(genitive singular greiney, plural grianyn)

  1. sun
    Plaasyn prinsoil glistral myr whilleen grian.‎ ― Princely palaces shining like so many suns.
    Ta'n ghrian yial er chooilleen e jurnaa.‎ ― The bright sun has finished her journey.
  2. sunlight
  3. sunshine

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
grian ghrian ngrian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • grían” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

grian ? ‎(o-stem)

  1. gravel
  2. sand
  3. bottom (of river)
  4. floor (of sea)

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
grian grian
pronounced with /ɣ(ʲ)-/
ngrian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • grian” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish grían, from Proto-Indo-European *ghreinā, from *gher- ‎(to shine, glow; grey).

Noun[edit]

grian f ‎(genitive singular grèine, plural grianan)

  1. sun

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
grian ghrian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • grían” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.