grian

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See also: grían and grian-

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish grían (sun), from Proto-Celtic *grēnā.

an ghrian

Noun[edit]

grian f (genitive singular gréine, nominative plural grianta)

  1. (the) sun
  2. (figuratively) paragon
Declension[edit]

Archaic weak plural forms:

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

grian (present analytic grianann, future analytic grianfaidh, verbal noun grianadh, past participle grianta)

  1. (transitive) to sun (expose to the warmth and radiation of the sun)
  2. (transitive, photography) to solarize (subject to solarization)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish grïan.

Noun[edit]

grian m (genitive singular griain)

  1. Alternative form of grean (gravel, grit; coarse sand)
  2. (of sea, lake, river) bottom
  3. earth, ground, land
  4. surface

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
grian ghrian ngrian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "grian" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • grían” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • grian” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish grían (sun), from Proto-Celtic *grēnā.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡriːn/, [ɡriᵈn]

Noun[edit]

grian f (genitive singular greiney, plural grianyn)

  1. sun
    Plaasyn prinsoil glistral myr whilleen grian.Princely palaces shining like so many suns.
    Ta'n ghrian yial er chooilleen e jurnaa.The bright sun has finished her journey.
  2. sunlight
  3. sunshine

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
grian ghrian ngrian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • grían” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

grïan (gender unknown)

  1. gravel
  2. sand
  3. bottom (of river)
  4. floor (of sea)

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
grian grian
pronounced with /ɣ(ʲ)-/
ngrian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • grian” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish grían (sun), from Proto-Celtic *grēnā.

Noun[edit]

grian f (genitive singular grèine, plural grianan)

  1. sun

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
grian ghrian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • grían” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.