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Alternative forms[edit]


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Particularly: “Onomatopoeic? Or from an onomatopoeic noun meaning ‘a grunt’? Or from something else?”



grunniō (present infinitive grunnīre, perfect active grunnīvī, supine grunnitum); fourth conjugation

  1. I grunt (like a pig)


   Conjugation of grunnio (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present grunniō grunnīs grunnit grunnīmus grunnītis grunniunt
imperfect grunniēbam grunniēbās grunniēbat grunniēbāmus grunniēbātis grunniēbant
future grunniam grunniēs grunniet grunniēmus grunniētis grunnient
perfect grunnīvī grunnīvistī grunnīvit grunnīvimus grunnīvistis grunnīvērunt, grunnīvēre
pluperfect grunnīveram grunnīverās grunnīverat grunnīverāmus grunnīverātis grunnīverant
future perfect grunnīverō grunnīveris grunnīverit grunnīverimus grunnīveritis grunnīverint
passive present grunnior grunnīris, grunnīre grunnītur grunnīmur grunnīminī grunniuntur
imperfect grunniēbar grunniēbāris, grunniēbāre grunniēbātur grunniēbāmur grunniēbāminī grunniēbantur
future grunniar grunniēris, grunniēre grunniētur grunniēmur grunniēminī grunnientur
perfect grunnītus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect grunnītus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect grunnītus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present grunniam grunniās grunniat grunniāmus grunniātis grunniant
imperfect grunnīrem grunnīrēs grunnīret grunnīrēmus grunnīrētis grunnīrent
perfect grunnīverim grunnīverīs grunnīverit grunnīverīmus grunnīverītis grunnīverint
pluperfect grunnīvissem grunnīvissēs grunnīvisset grunnīvissēmus grunnīvissētis grunnīvissent
passive present grunniar grunniāris, grunniāre grunniātur grunniāmur grunniāminī grunniantur
imperfect grunnīrer grunnīrēris, grunnīrēre grunnīrētur grunnīrēmur grunnīrēminī grunnīrentur
perfect grunnītus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect grunnītus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present grunnī grunnīte
future grunnītō grunnītō grunnītōte grunniuntō
passive present grunnīre grunnīminī
future grunnītor grunnītor grunniuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives grunnīre grunnīvisse grunnītūrus esse grunnīrī grunnītus esse grunnītum īrī
participles grunniēns grunnītūrus grunnītus grunniendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
grunnīre grunniendī grunniendō grunniendum grunnītum grunnītū

Derived terms[edit]