guquka

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Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-guquka

  1. (intransitive) to turn

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Related terms[edit]


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-guquka?

  1. (intransitive) to change, to alter
  2. (intransitive) to reform
  3. (intransitive) to turn (around)

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukuguquka
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuguquka ukungaguquki
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular guquka guquke
Plural guqukani guqukeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyaguquka, ngiguquka engiyaguquka, engiguquka ngiguquka angiguquki engingaguquki ngingaguquki
2nd singular uyaguquka, uguquka oyaguquka, oguquka uguquka awuguquki ongaguquki ungaguquki
1st plural siyaguquka, siguquka esiyaguquka, esiguquka siguquka asiguquki esingaguquki singaguquki
2nd plural niyaguquka, niguquka eniyaguquka, eniguquka niguquka aniguquki eningaguquki ningaguquki
Class 1 uyaguquka, uguquka oyaguquka, oguquka eguquka akaguquki ongaguquki engaguquki
Class 2 bayaguquka, baguquka abayaguquka, abaguquka beguquka abaguquki abangaguquki bengaguquki
Class 3 uyaguquka, uguquka oyaguquka, oguquka uguquka awuguquki ongaguquki ungaguquki
Class 4 iyaguquka, iguquka eyaguquka, eguquka iguquka ayiguquki engaguquki ingaguquki
Class 5 liyaguquka, liguquka eliyaguquka, eliguquka liguquka aliguquki elingaguquki lingaguquki
Class 6 ayaguquka, aguquka ayaguquka, aguquka eguquka awaguquki angaguquki engaguquki
Class 7 siyaguquka, siguquka esiyaguquka, esiguquka siguquka asiguquki esingaguquki singaguquki
Class 8 ziyaguquka, ziguquka eziyaguquka, eziguquka ziguquka aziguquki ezingaguquki zingaguquki
Class 9 iyaguquka, iguquka eyaguquka, eguquka iguquka ayiguquki engaguquki ingaguquki
Class 10 ziyaguquka, ziguquka eziyaguquka, eziguquka ziguquka aziguquki ezingaguquki zingaguquki
Class 11 luyaguquka, luguquka oluyaguquka, oluguquka luguquka aluguquki olungaguquki lungaguquki
Class 14 buyaguquka, buguquka obuyaguquka, obuguquka buguquka abuguquki obungaguquki bungaguquki
Class 15 kuyaguquka, kuguquka okuyaguquka, okuguquka kuguquka akuguquki okungaguquki kungaguquki
Class 17 kuyaguquka, kuguquka okuyaguquka, okuguquka kuguquka akuguquki okungaguquki kungaguquki
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiguqukile, ngiguqukē engiguqukile, engiguqukē ngiguqukile, ngiguqukē angiguqukanga engingaguqukanga ngingaguqukanga
2nd singular uguqukile, uguqukē oguqukile, oguqukē uguqukile, uguqukē awuguqukanga ongaguqukanga ungaguqukanga
1st plural siguqukile, siguqukē esiguqukile, esiguqukē siguqukile, siguqukē asiguqukanga esingaguqukanga singaguqukanga
2nd plural niguqukile, niguqukē eniguqukile, eniguqukē niguqukile, niguqukē aniguqukanga eningaguqukanga ningaguqukanga
Class 1 uguqukile, uguqukē oguqukile, oguqukē eguqukile, eguqukē akaguqukanga ongaguqukanga engaguqukanga
Class 2 baguqukile, baguqukē abaguqukile, abaguqukē beguqukile, beguqukē abaguqukanga abangaguqukanga bengaguqukanga
Class 3 uguqukile, uguqukē oguqukile, oguqukē uguqukile, uguqukē awuguqukanga ongaguqukanga ungaguqukanga
Class 4 iguqukile, iguqukē eguqukile, eguqukē iguqukile, iguqukē ayiguqukanga engaguqukanga ingaguqukanga
Class 5 liguqukile, liguqukē eliguqukile, eliguqukē liguqukile, liguqukē aliguqukanga elingaguqukanga lingaguqukanga
Class 6 aguqukile, aguqukē aguqukile, aguqukē eguqukile, eguqukē awaguqukanga angaguqukanga engaguqukanga
Class 7 siguqukile, siguqukē esiguqukile, esiguqukē siguqukile, siguqukē asiguqukanga esingaguqukanga singaguqukanga
Class 8 ziguqukile, ziguqukē eziguqukile, eziguqukē ziguqukile, ziguqukē aziguqukanga ezingaguqukanga zingaguqukanga
Class 9 iguqukile, iguqukē eguqukile, eguqukē iguqukile, iguqukē ayiguqukanga engaguqukanga ingaguqukanga
Class 10 ziguqukile, ziguqukē eziguqukile, eziguqukē ziguqukile, ziguqukē aziguqukanga ezingaguqukanga zingaguqukanga
Class 11 luguqukile, luguqukē oluguqukile, oluguqukē luguqukile, luguqukē aluguqukanga olungaguqukanga lungaguqukanga
Class 14 buguqukile, buguqukē obuguqukile, obuguqukē buguqukile, buguqukē abuguqukanga obungaguqukanga bungaguqukanga
Class 15 kuguqukile, kuguqukē okuguqukile, okuguqukē kuguqukile, kuguqukē akuguqukanga okungaguqukanga kungaguqukanga
Class 17 kuguqukile, kuguqukē okuguqukile, okuguqukē kuguqukile, kuguqukē akuguqukanga okungaguqukanga kungaguqukanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāguquka engāguquka ngāguquka angiguqukanga engingaguqukanga ngingaguqukanga
2nd singular wāguquka owāguquka wāguquka awuguqukanga ongaguqukanga ungaguqukanga
1st plural sāguquka esāguquka sāguquka asiguqukanga esingaguqukanga singaguqukanga
2nd plural nāguquka enāguquka nāguquka aniguqukanga eningaguqukanga ningaguqukanga
Class 1 wāguquka owāguquka āguquka akaguqukanga ongaguqukanga engaguqukanga
Class 2 bāguquka abāguquka bāguquka abaguqukanga abangaguqukanga bengaguqukanga
Class 3 wāguquka owāguquka wāguquka awuguqukanga ongaguqukanga ungaguqukanga
Class 4 yāguquka eyāguquka yāguquka ayiguqukanga engaguqukanga ingaguqukanga
Class 5 lāguquka elāguquka lāguquka aliguqukanga elingaguqukanga lingaguqukanga
Class 6 āguquka āguquka āguquka awaguqukanga angaguqukanga engaguqukanga
Class 7 sāguquka esāguquka sāguquka asiguqukanga esingaguqukanga singaguqukanga
Class 8 zāguquka ezāguquka zāguquka aziguqukanga ezingaguqukanga zingaguqukanga
Class 9 yāguquka eyāguquka yāguquka ayiguqukanga engaguqukanga ingaguqukanga
Class 10 zāguquka ezāguquka zāguquka aziguqukanga ezingaguqukanga zingaguqukanga
Class 11 lwāguquka olwāguquka lwāguquka aluguqukanga olungaguqukanga lungaguqukanga
Class 14 bāguquka obāguquka bāguquka abuguqukanga obungaguqukanga bungaguqukanga
Class 15 kwāguquka okwāguquka kwāguquka akuguqukanga okungaguqukanga kungaguqukanga
Class 17 kwāguquka okwāguquka kwāguquka akuguqukanga okungaguqukanga kungaguqukanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingaguquka ngingaguquka ngingeguquke ngingeguquke
2nd singular ungaguquka ungaguquka ungeguquke ungeguquke
1st plural singaguquka singaguquka singeguquke singeguquke
2nd plural ningaguquka ningaguquka ningeguquke ningeguquke
Class 1 angaguquka engaguquka angeguquke engeguquke
Class 2 bangaguquka bengaguquka bangeguquke bengeguquke
Class 3 ungaguquka ungaguquka ungeguquke ungeguquke
Class 4 ingaguquka ingaguquka ingeguquke ingeguquke
Class 5 lingaguquka lingaguquka lingeguquke lingeguquke
Class 6 angaguquka engaguquka angeguquke engeguquke
Class 7 singaguquka singaguquka singeguquke singeguquke
Class 8 zingaguquka zingaguquka zingeguquke zingeguquke
Class 9 ingaguquka ingaguquka ingeguquke ingeguquke
Class 10 zingaguquka zingaguquka zingeguquke zingeguquke
Class 11 lungaguquka lungaguquka lungeguquke lungeguquke
Class 14 bungaguquka bungaguquka bungeguquke bungeguquke
Class 15 kungaguquka kungaguquka kungeguquke kungeguquke
Class 17 kungaguquka kungaguquka kungeguquke kungeguquke
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizoguquka engizoguquka ngizoguquka angizuguquka ngingezuguquka
2nd singular uzoguquka ozoguquka uzoguquka awuzuguquka ungezuguquka
1st plural sizoguquka esizoguquka sizoguquka asizuguquka singezuguquka
2nd plural nizoguquka enizoguquka nizoguquka anizuguquka ningezuguquka
Class 1 uzoguquka ozoguquka ezoguquka akazuguquka engezuguquka
Class 2 bazoguquka abazoguquka bezoguquka abazuguquka bengezuguquka
Class 3 uzoguquka ozoguquka uzoguquka awuzuguquka ungezuguquka
Class 4 izoguquka ezoguquka izoguquka ayizuguquka ingezuguquka
Class 5 lizoguquka elizoguquka lizoguquka alizuguquka lingezuguquka
Class 6 azoguquka azoguquka ezoguquka awazuguquka engezuguquka
Class 7 sizoguquka esizoguquka sizoguquka asizuguquka singezuguquka
Class 8 zizoguquka ezizoguquka zizoguquka azizuguquka zingezuguquka
Class 9 izoguquka ezoguquka izoguquka ayizuguquka ingezuguquka
Class 10 zizoguquka ezizoguquka zizoguquka azizuguquka zingezuguquka
Class 11 luzoguquka oluzoguquka luzoguquka aluzuguquka lungezuguquka
Class 14 buzoguquka obuzoguquka buzoguquka abuzuguquka bungezuguquka
Class 15 kuzoguquka okuzoguquka kuzoguquka akuzuguquka kungezuguquka
Class 17 kuzoguquka okuzoguquka kuzoguquka akuzuguquka kungezuguquka
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyoguquka engiyoguquka ngiyoguquka angiyuguquka ngingeyuguquka
2nd singular uyoguquka oyoguquka uyoguquka awuyuguquka ungeyuguquka
1st plural siyoguquka esiyoguquka siyoguquka asiyuguquka singeyuguquka
2nd plural niyoguquka eniyoguquka niyoguquka aniyuguquka ningeyuguquka
Class 1 uyoguquka oyoguquka eyoguquka akayuguquka engeyuguquka
Class 2 bayoguquka abayoguquka beyoguquka abayuguquka bengeyuguquka
Class 3 uyoguquka oyoguquka uyoguquka awuyuguquka ungeyuguquka
Class 4 iyoguquka eyoguquka iyoguquka ayiyuguquka ingeyuguquka
Class 5 liyoguquka eliyoguquka liyoguquka aliyuguquka lingeyuguquka
Class 6 ayoguquka ayoguquka eyoguquka awayuguquka engeyuguquka
Class 7 siyoguquka esiyoguquka siyoguquka asiyuguquka singeyuguquka
Class 8 ziyoguquka eziyoguquka ziyoguquka aziyuguquka zingeyuguquka
Class 9 iyoguquka eyoguquka iyoguquka ayiyuguquka ingeyuguquka
Class 10 ziyoguquka eziyoguquka ziyoguquka aziyuguquka zingeyuguquka
Class 11 luyoguquka oluyoguquka luyoguquka aluyuguquka lungeyuguquka
Class 14 buyoguquka obuyoguquka buyoguquka abuyuguquka bungeyuguquka
Class 15 kuyoguquka okuyoguquka kuyoguquka akuyuguquka kungeyuguquka
Class 17 kuyoguquka okuyoguquka kuyoguquka akuyuguquka kungeyuguquka
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngiguquke ngingaguquki
2nd singular uguquke ungaguquki
1st plural siguquke singaguquki
2nd plural niguquke ningaguquki
Class 1 aguquke angaguquki
Class 2 baguquke bangaguquki
Class 3 uguquke ungaguquki
Class 4 iguquke ingaguquki
Class 5 liguquke lingaguquki
Class 6 aguquke angaguquki
Class 7 siguquke singaguquki
Class 8 ziguquke zingaguquki
Class 9 iguquke ingaguquki
Class 10 ziguquke zingaguquki
Class 11 luguquke lungaguquki
Class 14 buguquke bungaguquki
Class 15 kuguquke kungaguquki
Class 17 kuguquke kungaguquki
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngaguquka angiguquka
2nd singular waguquka awuguquka
1st plural saguquka asiguquka
2nd plural naguquka aniguquka
Class 1 waguquka akaguquka
Class 2 baguquka abaguquka
Class 3 waguquka awuguquka
Class 4 yaguquka ayiguquka
Class 5 laguquka aliguquka
Class 6 aguquka awaguquka
Class 7 saguquka asiguquka
Class 8 zaguquka aziguquka
Class 9 yaguquka ayiguquka
Class 10 zaguquka aziguquka
Class 11 lwaguquka aluguquka
Class 14 baguquka abuguquka
Class 15 kwaguquka akuguquka
Class 17 kwaguquka akuguquka

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]