From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search





From Middle Welsh hawð, from Proto-Brythonic *họð, from Proto-Celtic *sādos (easy); compare Cornish hueth (quiet),[1] as well as Old Irish asse (easy, from *ad-sādo-syos).[2]

The further origin of the Celtic root is uncertain. It was once thought to be from Proto-Indo-European *swéh₂dus (sweet),[3] and so cognate to Latin suavis, Ancient Greek ἡδύς (hēdús), and English sweet, but this analysis has both phonological and semantic difficulties.


  • IPA(key): /hau̯ð/
  • Audio:(file)



hawdd (feminine singular hawdd, plural hawdd, equative hawsed or hawdded, comparative haws or hawsach or hawddach, superlative hawsaf or hawddaf, not mutable)

  1. easy
    Synonym: rhwydd
    Antonyms: anodd, caled
    Mi wnaeth y tîm ennill yn hawdd ddoe.
    The team won easily yesterday.

Derived terms



  1. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “hawdd”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
  2. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 318
  3. ^ Morris Jones, John (1913) A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative, Oxford: Clarendon Press, § 148 i 6