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From Middle Welsh hawð, from Proto-Brythonic *họð, from Proto-Celtic *sādos (compare Old Irish asse (easy) from *ad-sādo-syos).[1] Once thought to be from Proto-Indo-European *swéh₂dus,[2] and so cognate to Latin suavis, Ancient Greek ἡδύς (hēdús), and English sweet, but this analysis has both phonological and semantic difficulties.


  • IPA(key): /hau̯ð/
  • (file)


hawdd (feminine singular hawdd, plural hawdd, equative hawsed, comparative haws, superlative hawsaf, not mutable)

  1. easy
    Mi wnaeth y tîm ennill yn hawdd ddoe.
    The team won easily yesterday.
    Antonyms: anodd, caled

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “hawdd”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies


  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 318
  2. ^ Morris Jones, John (1913) A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative, Oxford: Clarendon Press, § 148 i 6