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From Middle Welsh caled, from Proto-Celtic *kaletos (compare Breton calet, Middle Irish calath, calad), from Proto-Indo-European *kal- (hard). See Latin callum (a hard substance).



caled (feminine singular caled, plural caledion, equative caleted, comparative caletach, superlative caletaf)

  1. hard (resistant to pressure)
    Mae'r bisgedi'n galed iawn
    The biscuits are very hard
    Antonym: meddal
  2. hard, difficult
    Mae'r gwaith yn galed iawn
    The work is very hard
    Synonym: anodd
    Synonym: hawdd

Derived terms[edit]


caled m (plural caledion or celyd)

  1. battle, hard struggle, distress; hard object
  2. miser, niggard


Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
caled galed nghaled chaled
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “caled”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies