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From Middle Welsh caled, from Proto-Celtic *kaletos (compare Breton calet, Middle Irish calath, calad), from Proto-Indo-European *kal- (hard). See Latin callum (a hard substance). Possible doublet of call (wise, sensible).





caled (feminine singular caled, plural caledion, equative caleted, comparative caletach, superlative caletaf)

  1. hard (resistant to pressure)
    Antonym: meddal
    Mae'r bisgedi'n galed iawn
    The biscuits are very hard
  2. hard, difficult
    Synonym: hawdd
    Antonym: anidd
    Mae'r gwaith yn galed iawn
    The work is very hard

Derived terms




caled m (plural caledion or celyd)

  1. battle, hard struggle, distress; hard object
  2. miser, niggard


Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
caled galed nghaled chaled
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “caled”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies