From Ancient Greek ἡγεμονία (hēgemonía, “supremacy or leadership, chief command”), from ἡγεμών (hēgemṓn, “a leader, guide, commander, chief”), from ἡγέομαι (hēgéomai, “to lead”).
hegemony (countable and uncountable, plural hegemonies)
- (formal) Domination, influence, or authority over another, especially by one political group over a society or by one nation over others.
- Dominance of one social group over another, such that the ruling group or hegemon acquires some degree of consent from the subordinate, as opposed to dominance purely by force.
- ie: internationally among nation-states, and regionally over social classes, between languages or even culture.
- eg: The two political parties battled viciously for hegemony.