hestur

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See also: Hestur

Faroese[edit]

hestur

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hestr, from Proto-Germanic *hangistaz, *hanhistaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱanḱest-, *kankest- (horse).

Noun[edit]

hestur m (genitive singular hests, plural hestar)

  1. stallion
  2. horse in general

Declension[edit]

Declension of hestur
m6 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative hestur hesturin hestar hestarnir
accusative hest hestin hestar hestarnar
dative hesti hestinum hestum hestunum
genitive hests hestsins hesta hestanna

Hypernyms[edit]

  • ross (horse)

Antonyms[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hestr, from Proto-Germanic *hangistaz, *hanhistaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hestur m (genitive singular hests, nominative plural hestar)

  1. a horse syn.
    • Revelation 6-11 (English and Icelandic)
      Og ég sá, og sjá: Bleikur hestur, og sá er á honum sat, hann hét Dauði, og Hel var í för með honum. Þeim var gefið vald yfir fjórða hluta jarðarinnar, til þess að deyða með sverði, með hungri og drepsótt og láta menn farast fyrir villidýrum jarðarinnar.
      I looked, and there before me was a pale horse! Its rider was named Death, and Hades was following close behind him. They were given power over a fourth of the earth to kill by sword, famine and plague, and by the wild beasts of the earth.
  2. (gymnastics) a horse, a pommel horse, a vaulting horse

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • The noun hestur is the de facto noun used to determine the case of another noun by substitution.
    Using the noun maður (a man) as an example:
    ég þekki mannI know a man
    ég þekki hestI know a horse
    since hest is known to be the accusative form of hestur it may be deduced that mann is in the accusative case as well.
  • A commonly taught mnemonic to find the cases of nouns is reciting a set of prepositions followed by an agreeing noun and hestur is often used as an example:
    nominative:
    hér er hesturthere is a horse here
    accusative:
    um hestabout a horse
    dative:
    frá hestifrom a horse
    genitive:
    til heststo a horse

Derived terms[edit]

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