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From Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰérstos, from *ǵʰers- (to bristle), same root as horreo and hordeum.



hīrtus (feminine hīrta, neuter hīrtum); first/second declension

  1. hairy, shaggy
  2. rough, rude, unpolished


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative hīrtus hīrta hīrtum hīrtī hīrtae hīrta
genitive hīrtī hīrtae hīrtī hīrtōrum hīrtārum hīrtōrum
dative hīrtō hīrtō hīrtīs
accusative hīrtum hīrtam hīrtum hīrtōs hīrtās hīrta
ablative hīrtō hīrtā hīrtō hīrtīs
vocative hīrte hīrta hīrtum hīrtī hīrtae hīrta

Derived terms[edit]


  • hirtus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • hirtus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “hirtus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • hirtus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette