hwearfian

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Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hwarbōną (to wander around).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈxwæ͜ɑr.fi.ɑn/, [ˈʍæ͜ɑrˠ.vi.ɑn]

Verb[edit]

hwearfian

  1. to turn on something (such as fate or a hinge), to revolve, to roll about
    • 1921, Joseph Bosworth & Thomas Northcote Toller, An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, German Lexicon Project
      Ǽlc gesceaft hwearfaþ on hire selfre swá swá hweól and tó ðam heó swá hwearfaþ ðæt heó eft cume ðǽr heó ǽr wæs
      Every creature turns on itself as a wheel, and it so turns to the end that it may come again where it was before:
      (Bt. 25; Fox 88, 32: Bt. Met. Fox 13, 150; Met. 13, 75.)
  2. to wander, to move
    • 1921, Joseph Bosworth & Thomas Northcote Toller, An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, German Lexicon Project
      Fóran hwearfigende geond ðæt wésten.
      They went wandering through the desert.
      (Ors. 6, 31; Swt. 286, 19.)
    • 1921, Joseph Bosworth & Thomas Northcote Toller, An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, German Lexicon Project
      Hé biþ fremede freán ælmihtigum englum ungelíc ána hwearfaþ.
      He shall be a stranger to the almighty Lord, unlike angels, alone shall he wander.
      (Salm. Kmbl. 70; Sal. 35.)
  3. to change
    • 1921, Joseph Bosworth & Thomas Northcote Toller, An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, German Lexicon Project
      Ðú wást hú ða woruldsǽlþa hwearfiaþ ... hwí ne hwearfost ðú mid him
      Thou knowest how worldly blessings change ... why dost thou not change with them?
      (Bt. 7, 2; Fox 18, 6.)
  4. to wave
    • 1921, Joseph Bosworth & Thomas Northcote Toller, An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, German Lexicon Project
      Fana hwearfode on sceafte
      The banner waved on its staff,
      (Bt. Met. Fox 1, 20; Met. 1, 10.)

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

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