ieiunus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *jagjūnos, from Proto-Indo-European *Hyeh₂ǵ-yu-, adjectival form of *Hyeh₂ǵ- (to sacrifice). Cognates include Sanskrit यजति (yájati, he worships, he sacrifices), Ancient Greek ἅγιος (hágios, sacred, holy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ieiūnus (feminine ieiūna, neuter ieiūnum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. fasting, abstinent, hungry
  2. (figuratively) dry, barren, unproductive
  3. (figuratively) scanty, meager
  4. insignificant, trifling

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative ieiūnus ieiūna ieiūnum ieiūnī ieiūnae ieiūna
Genitive ieiūnī ieiūnae ieiūnī ieiūnōrum ieiūnārum ieiūnōrum
Dative ieiūnō ieiūnō ieiūnīs
Accusative ieiūnum ieiūnam ieiūnum ieiūnōs ieiūnās ieiūna
Ablative ieiūnō ieiūnā ieiūnō ieiūnīs
Vocative ieiūne ieiūna ieiūnum ieiūnī ieiūnae ieiūna

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ieiunus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “ieiūnus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 296