peior

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See also: pejor

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Proto-Indo-European *ped-yōs (to the ground, downward), from *ped- (to walk, fall, stumble); compare pessimus (worst). Michiel de Vaan notes that a similar phonetic change *[dj]/[jd] > *[j] can be observed in the etymology of caelum (chisel) and caia (cudgel) from Proto-Italic *kaid(s)lo- and *kaidjā- respectively.

Doublet of pēs (foot) and pessum (to the bottom; to destruction). See cognates at pēs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pēior (neuter pēius); third declension

  1. worse

Declension[edit]

Third declension, comparative variant

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative pēior pēius pēiōrēs pēiōra
Genitive pēiōris pēiōrum
Dative pēiōrī pēiōribus
Accusative pēiōrem pēius pēiōrēs pēiōra
Ablative pēiōre pēiōribus
Vocative pēior pēius pēiōrēs pēiōra

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • peior in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “peiior”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 455
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “pessum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 463
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “caedō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 79–80

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pēiōrem, accusative singular of pēior. The nominative form, pire (whence modern French pire) derives from the Latin nominative.

Adjective[edit]

peior (oblique singular, nominative singular pire)

  1. worse; comparative degree of mal
  2. worst; superlative degree of mal

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • French: pire (from nominative form)

References[edit]