kāposti

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Latvian[edit]

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 Kāposti on Latvian Wikipedia

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Kāposti

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Old East Slavic капуста ‎(kapusta) (cf. Russian капуста ‎(kapústa)), itself a borrowing based on the merging of two Latin words, caputium ‎(head of cabbage) and compos(i)ta ‎(compound vegetables). This word must have been borrowed before the 13th century, when Old East Slavic у was still pronounced as o. Its first occurrence is in 16th-century dictionaries.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

kāposti m (1st declension)

  1. cabbage (a type of leafy vegetable, especially Brassica oleracea)
    audzēt kāpostus — to grow cabbage
    kāpostu galviņa, kāpostgalviņa — head of cabbage
    vārīt kāpostus — to boil cabbage
    kāpostu pīrāgscabbage pie

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

There is a singular form kāposts, only sporadically attested.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “kāposti”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7