kāposti

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Latvian[edit]

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 kāposti on Latvian Wikipedia
Kāposti

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old East Slavic капуста (kapusta) (cf. Russian капуста (kapústa)), itself a borrowing based on the merging of two Latin words, caputium (head of cabbage) and compos(i)ta (compound vegetables). This word must have been borrowed before the 13th century, when Old East Slavic у was still pronounced as o. Its first occurrence is in 16th-century dictionaries.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

kāposti m (1st declension)

  1. cabbage (a type of leafy vegetable, especially Brassica oleracea)
    audzēt kāpostusto grow cabbage
    kāpostu galviņa, kāpostgalviņahead of cabbage
    vārīt kāpostusto boil cabbage
    kāpostu pīrāgscabbage pie

Usage notes[edit]

There is a singular form kāposts, only sporadically attested.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “kāposti”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7