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- (ecology, usually uncountable) Plant material that falls to the ground, such as leaves from trees.
- 2008, Masami Miyaki & Koichi Kaji, “Shift to Litterfall as Year-Round Forage for Sika Deer after a Population Crash”, in Sika Deer, page 186:
- Litterfall is provided for as long as the mature forest exists.
- (ecology, countable) The total mass of plant material falling to the ground per unit area, or the mass collected at a specific site.
- 1986, K.A. Vogt et al., “Production, turnover, and nutrient dynamics of above- and belowground detritus of world forests”, in Advances in Ecological Research, volume 15, page 315:
- The remaining forest types had similar mean litterfalls ranging from 3333 to 6484 kg ha-1 year-1