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From Proto-Slavic *ľudьje (people, men), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ljaudis (people, men) from Proto-Indo-European *h₁lewdʰ-.


  • IPA(key): /ʎûːdi/
  • Hyphenation: lju‧di


ljȗdi m pl (Cyrillic spelling љу̑ди); singular: čȍvjek / čȍvek)

  1. people, men
    Dva čovjeka su išla cestom
    Two men walked down the street.
    Pet ljudi je išlo cestom.
    Five people walked down the street.
  2. (colloquial) guys, you guys (group of familiar people of any or mixed gender)
  3. (vocative) everybody, everyone (addressing a group of people)

Usage notes[edit]

This plural form takes suppletive stem in the singular, as can be seen in the declension table. Old dual forms have been preserved in the counting for 2, 3, 4 (also for 22, 23, 24, 32, 33, 34, etc., whereas the singular form is used for 21, 31, 41, etc.) which bind plural form of čȍvjek / čȍvek.