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From Proto-Celtic *lummo-, from Proto-Indo-European *lewp- (to bend; to peel, tear, flake off, damage), see also Lithuanian lùpti (to peel), Latvian lupt (to peel; eat), Proto-Slavic *lupiti (to peel).[1] Cognate with Old Irish lomm.





llwm (feminine singular llom, plural llymion, equative llymed, comparative llymach, superlative llymaf)

  1. barren, bleak, bare
    Synonyms: moel, noeth, agored
    • 1918, Hedd Wyn, Atgo:
      Dim ond lleuad borffor / Ar fin y mynydd llwm; / A sŵn hen afon Prysor / Yn canu yn y Cwm.
      Only a purple moon / On the edge of the bare mountain; / And the sound of the old river Prysor / Singing in the Valley.
  2. poor, destitute
    Synonyms: tlawd, anghenus

Derived terms

  • llymder (poverty, destitution)


Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
llwm lwm unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.


  1. ^ MacBain, Alexander, Mackay, Eneas (1911) “llwm”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language[1], Stirling, →ISBN