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From manus (hand) + uncertain second element; perhaps Proto-Indo-European *dʰers- (to be bold), from *dʰer- (to hold). More at īnfestus.

Alternative forms[edit]



manifestus (feminine manifesta, neuter manifestum, comparative manifestior, superlative manifestissimus, adverb manifestō); first/second-declension adjective

  1. (of people) caught in the act, plainly guilty
  2. (of crimes) detected in the act, flagrant, plain
  3. (plainly apprehensible by the mind) obvious, self-evident
  4. (recognisable by clear signs) clearly visible, conspicuous; unmistakeable, undoubted
  5. (giving clear signs) plain, clear
    Synonym: cōnspicuus
    Antonyms: clandēstīnus, occultus, sēcrētus, arcānus, perobscūrus
    spīrāns ac vītae manifesta
    breathing and giving clear signs of life


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative manifestus manifesta manifestum manifestī manifestae manifesta
Genitive manifestī manifestae manifestī manifestōrum manifestārum manifestōrum
Dative manifestō manifestō manifestīs
Accusative manifestum manifestam manifestum manifestōs manifestās manifesta
Ablative manifestō manifestā manifestō manifestīs
Vocative manifeste manifesta manifestum manifestī manifestae manifesta

Derived terms[edit]


  • English: manifest
  • French: manifeste
  • German: Manifest
  • Finnish: manifesti


  • manifestus” on page 1181 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (2nd ed., 2012)
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “īnfestus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 303


  • manifestus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • manifestus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • manifestus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • manifestus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • manifestus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016