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From Ancient Greek μοναστήριον (monastḗrion, hermitage, monastery), from μοναστήριος (monastḗrios, alone, made alone) + -ιον (-ion, -ium: forming places), from μονάζειν (monázein, to be alone), from μόνος (mónos, alone) + -άζειν (-ázein, to: forming verbs).



monastērium n (genitive monastēriī or monastērī); second declension (Late Latin)

  1. monastery
    • c. 731 CE, Bede, Historia ecclesiastica 2.1:
      Nam mutato repente habitu saeculari monasterium petiit, in quo tanta perfectionis gratia coepit conuersari, ut, sicut ipse postea flendo solebat adtestari, animo illius labentia cuncta subteressent, ut rebus omnibus, quae uoluuntur, emineret, ut nulla nisi caelestia cogitare soleret, ut etiam retentus corpore ipsa iam carnis claustra contemplatione transiret, ut mortem quoque, quae pene cunctis poena est, uidelicet ut ingressum uitae, et laboris sui praemium amaret.
      For soon quitting his secular habit, he repaired to a monastery, wherein he began to behave himself with so much grace of perfection that (as he was afterwards wont with tears to testify) his mind was above all transitory things; that he despised all that is subject to change; that he used to think of nothing but what was heavenly; that whilst detained by the body, he by contemplation broke through the bonds of flesh; and that he loved death, which is a terror to almost all men, as the entrance into life, and the reward of his labours.
  2. cell; area used by a monk.


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative monastērium monastēria
Genitive monastēriī
Dative monastēriō monastēriīs
Accusative monastērium monastēria
Ablative monastēriō monastēriīs
Vocative monastērium monastēria

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).


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