ocaq

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See also: oçaq

Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic оҹаг
Roman ocaq
Perso-Arabic اوُجاق

Etymology[edit]

According to most etymologies, from Proto-Turkic *(h)ōtčak[1] or *ōtčuk (fireplace)[2], a derivation from Proto-Turkic *(h)ōt (fire), whence Azerbaijani od (fire). According to Clauson, from Proto-Turkic *očok, with the second vowel being rounded.[3] Cognate with Crimean Tatar ocaq, Turkish ocak, Kazakh ошақ (oşaq), Kyrgyz очок (oçok), Southern Altai очок (očok), Uzbek o'choq, Tatar учак (uçaq), Chuvash вучах (vučah), Bashkir уҫаҡ (uθaq). Russian оча́г (očág) is borrowed from Turkic.

The figurative senses are attested first in Ottoman Turkish in the XVIIth century[3].

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [oˈd͡ʒɑχ], [oˈd͡zɑχ]
  • Hyphenation: o‧caq

Noun[edit]

ocaq (definite accusative ocağı, plural ocaqlar)

  1. stove
  2. hearth
    • 1962, Anar, Qaragilə[[1]]:
      Xaraba qalmış evlər, söndürülmüş ocaqlar, dərbədər olmuş ailələr....
      Abandoned houses, extinguished hearths, wrecked families...
  3. (figuratively) center, core, heart, heartland
    • 2008, Xeyirbəy Qasımov, Orta əsrlərdə Azərbaycan mədəniyyəti., Baku, page 76:
      Sasanilər imperiyasının dini mərkəzi, ocağı olmuş Atropatena (Azərbaycan) ərəb ordularının başlıca zərbə obyektinə çevrildi
      Atropatena (Azerbaijan), which was the religious center and core of the Sasanian Empire, turned into an object for main strikes of Arab armies.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tenišev E. R., editor (2001) Sravnitelʹno-istoričeskaja grammatika tjurkskix jazykov: Leksika [Comparative Historical Grammar of Turkic Languages: Lexis] (in Russian), volume 4, Moscow: Nauka, page 358-359
  2. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*ōt”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  3. 3.0 3.1 Clauson, Gerard (1972), “očok/očak”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 22

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

ocaq

  1. trivet