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  1. To oppose, especially in an academic dissertation.


Inflection of opponoida (Kotus type 62/voida, no gradation)
indicative mood
present tense perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. opponoin en opponoi 1st sing. olen opponoinut en ole opponoinut
2nd sing. opponoit et opponoi 2nd sing. olet opponoinut et ole opponoinut
3rd sing. opponoi ei opponoi 3rd sing. on opponoinut ei ole opponoinut
1st plur. opponoimme emme opponoi 1st plur. olemme opponoineet emme ole opponoineet
2nd plur. opponoitte ette opponoi 2nd plur. olette opponoineet ette ole opponoineet
3rd plur. opponoivat eivät opponoi 3rd plur. ovat opponoineet eivät ole opponoineet
passive opponoidaan ei opponoida passive on opponoitu ei ole opponoitu
past tense pluperfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. opponoin en opponoinut 1st sing. olin opponoinut en ollut opponoinut
2nd sing. opponoit et opponoinut 2nd sing. olit opponoinut et ollut opponoinut
3rd sing. opponoi ei opponoinut 3rd sing. oli opponoinut ei ollut opponoinut
1st plur. opponoimme emme opponoineet 1st plur. olimme opponoineet emme olleet opponoineet
2nd plur. opponoitte ette opponoineet 2nd plur. olitte opponoineet ette olleet opponoineet
3rd plur. opponoivat eivät opponoineet 3rd plur. olivat opponoineet eivät olleet opponoineet
passive opponoitiin ei opponoitu passive oli opponoitu ei ollut opponoitu
conditional mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. opponoisin en opponoisi 1st sing. olisin opponoinut en olisi opponoinut
2nd sing. opponoisit et opponoisi 2nd sing. olisit opponoinut et olisi opponoinut
3rd sing. opponoisi ei opponoisi 3rd sing. olisi opponoinut ei olisi opponoinut
1st plur. opponoisimme emme opponoisi 1st plur. olisimme opponoineet emme olisi opponoineet
2nd plur. opponoisitte ette opponoisi 2nd plur. olisitte opponoineet ette olisi opponoineet
3rd plur. opponoisivat eivät opponoisi 3rd plur. olisivat opponoineet eivät olisi opponoineet
passive opponoitaisiin ei opponoitaisi passive olisi opponoitu ei olisi opponoitu
imperative mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. 1st sing.
2nd sing. opponoi älä opponoi 2nd sing. ole opponoinut älä ole opponoinut
3rd sing. opponoikoon älköön opponoiko 3rd sing. olkoon opponoinut älköön olko opponoinut
1st plur. opponoikaamme älkäämme opponoiko 1st plur. olkaamme opponoineet älkäämme olko opponoineet
2nd plur. opponoikaa älkää opponoiko 2nd plur. olkaa opponoineet älkää olko opponoineet
3rd plur. opponoikoot älkööt opponoiko 3rd plur. olkoot opponoineet älkööt olko opponoineet
passive opponoitakoon älköön opponoitako passive olkoon opponoitu älköön olko opponoitu
potential mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. opponoinen en opponoine 1st sing. lienen opponoinut en liene opponoinut
2nd sing. opponoinet et opponoine 2nd sing. lienet opponoinut et liene opponoinut
3rd sing. opponoinee ei opponoine 3rd sing. lienee opponoinut ei liene opponoinut
1st plur. opponoinemme emme opponoine 1st plur. lienemme opponoineet emme liene opponoineet
2nd plur. opponoinette ette opponoine 2nd plur. lienette opponoineet ette liene opponoineet
3rd plur. opponoinevat eivät opponoine 3rd plur. lienevät opponoineet eivät liene opponoineet
passive opponoitaneen ei opponoitane passive lienee opponoitu ei liene opponoitu
Nominal forms
infinitives participles
active passive active passive
1st opponoida present opponoiva opponoitava
long 1st2 opponoidakseen past opponoinut opponoitu
2nd inessive1 opponoidessa opponoitaessa agent1, 3 opponoima
instructive opponoiden negative opponoimaton
3rd inessive opponoimassa 1) Usually with a possessive suffix.

2) Used only with a possessive suffix; this is the form for the third-person singular and third-person plural.
3) Does not exist in the case of intransitive verbs. Do not confuse with nouns formed with the -ma suffix.

elative opponoimasta
illative opponoimaan
adessive opponoimalla
abessive opponoimatta
instructive opponoiman opponoitaman
4th nominative opponoiminen
partitive opponoimista
5th2 opponoimaisillaan

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]