orchitis

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

orchi- (testicular) +‎ -itis (inflammation), from Ancient Greek ὄρχις (órkhis, testicle, ovary, orchid) (English orchid), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erǵʰi-.

Noun[edit]

orchitis (countable and uncountable, plural orchitides or orchitises)

  1. (medicine) A painful inflammation of one or both testes.
    • 2004, Stephen S. Sternberg, ‎Stacey E. Mills, ‎Darryl Carter, Sternberg's Diagnostic Surgical Pathology - Volume 1, →ISBN, page 2154:
      It has been well studied, however, and helps to understand the evolution of other orchitises (197).
    • 2010, Frank J. Domino, The 5-Minute Clinical Consult 2011, →ISBN, page 863:
      Avoid corticosteroids for mumps orchitis as they can reduce testosterone concentrations and increase testicular atrophy.
    • 2013, Gottfried Lemperle, ‎Jürg Nievergelt, Plastic and Reconstructive Breast Surgery: An Atlas, →ISBN, page 63:
      This condition is encountered in Klinefelter's Syndrome, in primary hypogonadism, following orchitides, and during chronic hemodialysis.

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