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From otium (leisure) +‎ -osus.



ōtiōsus (feminine ōtiōsa, neuter ōtiōsum); first/second declension

  1. idle
  2. unemployed
  3. free from office


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative ōtiōsus ōtiōsa ōtiōsum ōtiōsī ōtiōsae ōtiōsa
genitive ōtiōsī ōtiōsae ōtiōsī ōtiōsōrum ōtiōsārum ōtiōsōrum
dative ōtiōsō ōtiōsō ōtiōsīs
accusative ōtiōsum ōtiōsam ōtiōsum ōtiōsōs ōtiōsās ōtiōsa
ablative ōtiōsō ōtiōsā ōtiōsō ōtiōsīs
vocative ōtiōse ōtiōsa ōtiōsum ōtiōsī ōtiōsae ōtiōsa



  • otiosus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • otiosus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • otiosus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be at leisure: otiosum esse
    • to spend one's leisure hours on an object: otiosum tempus consumere in aliqua re
    • to devote all one's leisure moments to study: omne (otiosum) tempus in litteris consumere
    • the money is bringing in no interest, lies idle: pecunia iacet otiosa