# p-value

## Contents

## English[edit]

### Etymology[edit]

Short for *probability value*.

### Noun[edit]

**p-value** (*plural* **p-values**)

- (statistics) In statistical significance testing, the probability of obtaining a test statistic at least as extreme as the one that was actually observed, assuming that the null hypothesis is true.
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### References[edit]

- ^ Goodman, SN (1999), “Toward Evidence-Based Medical Statistics. 1: The P Value Fallacy.”, in Annals of Internal Medicine, volume 130, pages 995–1004