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From para- (beside) +‎ transit, perhaps influenced by paraplegia. US from 1972.[1]



paratransit (uncountable)

  1. An auxiliary transit service without fixed routes or schedules, usually serving the disabled on demand. [From 1972.]
    • 2000, Marco Bristo, Promises to Keep: A Decade of Federal Enforcement of the Americans with Disabilities Act, page 279,
      The disability community had hoped that the submission of ADA complementary paratransit plans to FTA would constitute an opportunity for real monitoring of local progress and that FTA would take action to ensure that transit agencies were in compliance with their plans.
    • 2009, January 18, “Gregory Beyer”, in For Disabled Riders, New Bumps in the Road[1]:
      So about twice a week, he calls a day in advance to arrange a trip [] through Access-a-Ride, the city’s door-to-door paratransit service for the elderly and the disabled.
    • 2010, Kenneth Button, A Dictionary of Transport Analysis, page 295,
      In developing countries the form of paratransit modes range from simple non-motorized human, mainly hand-drawn or pedal-driven, or animal-powered vehicles to motorized minibuses.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ 1980, Australian Bureau of Transport Economics, South Australian Department of Transport, Paratransit: Changing Perceptions of Public Transport : Proceedings of a Workshop Held in Mount Gambier, 20-23 February 1979, page 37 — The term ‘paratransit’ was first used in the US by the federal Department of Transportation (DOT) in a request for research proposals issued in 1972.