paukštis

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Lithuanian[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*pewt-

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *put-, *pout-; compare Latvian putns < *put-inas (compare Lithuanian dialectal pùtinas ‎(rooster)); Proto-Slavic *pъtákъ. The Lithuanian form can be explained as o-grade *pout- + -tis, with a prothetic -k-. For similar examples, compare šaukštas ‎(spoon) < *šaud-tas, krikstas ‎(baptism) < *krist-, pūkšlė ‎(hives) < *pūt-slė.

A connection with Proto-Indo-European *put- ‎(child, young); compare Latin putus ‎(boy), Sanskrit पुत्र​ ‎(putrá-, son, young of an animal), पोत ‎(póta​, young of an animal), Avestan 𐬞𐬎𐬚𐬭𐬀 ‎(puϑra-, son); means that the Balto-Slavic term must originally have meant "chick", compare dialectal paũtas ‎(egg), putýtis ‎(chick).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɒʊk.ʃtʲɪs/

Noun[edit]

paũkštis m ‎(plural paũkščiai) stress pattern 2

  1. bird (any animal of the class Aves)
  2. (colloquial) a cunning, untrustworthy person

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wojciech Smoczyński (1990) 'Etimologijos pastabos' [Notes on Etymology], Baltistica, Volume 26, No. 2, pages 163-164.