perëndi

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Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Disputed. Different interpretations have been proposed:

  1. a possible reflection of the sky and thunder god (from Proto-Indo-European *per-en-, an extension of Proto-Indo-European *per, 'to strike', attached to -di, the sky-god Proto-Indo-European *Dyēus, thus related toProto-Indo-European *per-uhₓn-os, and Proto-Indo-European *perkʷunos; although the Albanian perëndoj, 'to set (of the sun)', from Latin parentare, 'a sacrifice (to the dead), to satisfy', has also been proposed as the origin of the deity.[3][4]
  2. Derived from perëndoj (to set (of the sun), which might be borrowed from Latin parentare (to bring a sacrifice (to the dead), to satisfy).[5][6][7]
  3. Latin imperantem (ruling) (Albanian dielli perëndon ("the sun sets"), perhaps ultimately a calque of Greek ὁ ήλιος βασιλεύει ("the sun sets"), literally "the sun reigns").[8]

Noun[edit]

perëndi f (indefinite plural perëndi, definite singular perëndia, definite plural perënditë)

  1. (religion) God
  2. god, deity

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fialuur i voghel Sccyp e ltinisct (Small Dictionary of Albanian and Latin), page 98, by P. Jak Junkut, 1895, Sckoder
  2. ^ Λεξικόν της Ρωμαϊκοις και Αρβανητηκής Απλής (Lexicon of the simple Romaic and Arbanitic language), page 117 & 84, by Markos Botsaris
  3. ^ West, Martin L. (2007) Indo-European Poetry and Myth, Oxford University Press, →ISBN.
  4. ^ Mallory, James P.; Adams, Douglas Q. (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. Fitzroy Dearborn
  5. ^ If this view is correct, it might point to an Albanian solar cult; Orel, Vladimir E. (2000) A concise historical grammar of the Albanian language: reconstruction of Proto-Albanian[1], Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 263
  6. ^ Jakobson, Roman (1985). "Linguistic Evidence in Comparative Mythology". In Stephen Rudy (ed.). Roman Jakobson: Selected Writings. VII: Contributions to Comparative Mythology: Studies in Linguistics and Philology, 1972–1982. Walter de Gruyter
  7. ^ Treimer, Karl (1971). "Zur Rückerschliessung der illyrischen Götterwelt und ihre Bedeutung für die südslawische Philologie". In Henrik Barić (ed.). Arhiv za Arbanasku starinu, jezik i etnologiju. I. R. Trofenik. pp. 27–33.
  8. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “perëndi”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 315-6