phenduka

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Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-phenduka?

  1. (transitive and intransitive) to turn, to turn around
  2. (transitive and intransitive) to turn in circles, to spin, to revolve
  3. (transitive and intransitive) to change, to alter

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukuphenduka
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuphenduka ukungaphenduki
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular phenduka -phenduke
Plural phendukani -phendukeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyaphenduka, ngiphenduka engiphendukayo, engiphenduka ngiphenduka angiphenduki engingaphenduki ngingaphenduki
2nd singular uyaphenduka, uphenduka ophendukayo, ophenduka uphenduka awuphenduki ongaphenduki ungaphenduki
1st plural siyaphenduka, siphenduka esiphendukayo, esiphenduka siphenduka asiphenduki esingaphenduki singaphenduki
2nd plural niyaphenduka, niphenduka eniphendukayo, eniphenduka niphenduka aniphenduki eningaphenduki ningaphenduki
Class 1 uyaphenduka, uphenduka ophendukayo, ophenduka ephenduka akaphenduki ongaphenduki engaphenduki
Class 2 bayaphenduka, baphenduka abaphendukayo, abaphenduka bephenduka abaphenduki abangaphenduki bengaphenduki
Class 3 uyaphenduka, uphenduka ophendukayo, ophenduka uphenduka awuphenduki ongaphenduki ungaphenduki
Class 4 iyaphenduka, iphenduka ephendukayo, ephenduka iphenduka ayiphenduki engaphenduki ingaphenduki
Class 5 liyaphenduka, liphenduka eliphendukayo, eliphenduka liphenduka aliphenduki elingaphenduki lingaphenduki
Class 6 ayaphenduka, aphenduka aphendukayo, aphenduka ephenduka awaphenduki angaphenduki engaphenduki
Class 7 siyaphenduka, siphenduka esiphendukayo, esiphenduka siphenduka asiphenduki esingaphenduki singaphenduki
Class 8 ziyaphenduka, ziphenduka eziphendukayo, eziphenduka ziphenduka aziphenduki ezingaphenduki zingaphenduki
Class 9 iyaphenduka, iphenduka ephendukayo, ephenduka iphenduka ayiphenduki engaphenduki ingaphenduki
Class 10 ziyaphenduka, ziphenduka eziphendukayo, eziphenduka ziphenduka aziphenduki ezingaphenduki zingaphenduki
Class 11 luyaphenduka, luphenduka oluphendukayo, oluphenduka luphenduka aluphenduki olungaphenduki lungaphenduki
Class 14 buyaphenduka, buphenduka obuphendukayo, obuphenduka buphenduka abuphenduki obungaphenduki bungaphenduki
Class 15 kuyaphenduka, kuphenduka okuphendukayo, okuphenduka kuphenduka akuphenduki okungaphenduki kungaphenduki
Class 17 kuyaphenduka, kuphenduka okuphendukayo, okuphenduka kuphenduka akuphenduki okungaphenduki kungaphenduki
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiphendukile, ngiphendukē engiphendukile, engiphendukē ngiphendukile, ngiphendukē angiphendukanga engingaphendukanga ngingaphendukanga
2nd singular uphendukile, uphendukē ophendukile, ophendukē uphendukile, uphendukē awuphendukanga ongaphendukanga ungaphendukanga
1st plural siphendukile, siphendukē esiphendukile, esiphendukē siphendukile, siphendukē asiphendukanga esingaphendukanga singaphendukanga
2nd plural niphendukile, niphendukē eniphendukile, eniphendukē niphendukile, niphendukē aniphendukanga eningaphendukanga ningaphendukanga
Class 1 uphendukile, uphendukē ophendukile, ophendukē ephendukile, ephendukē akaphendukanga ongaphendukanga engaphendukanga
Class 2 baphendukile, baphendukē abaphendukile, abaphendukē bephendukile, bephendukē abaphendukanga abangaphendukanga bengaphendukanga
Class 3 uphendukile, uphendukē ophendukile, ophendukē uphendukile, uphendukē awuphendukanga ongaphendukanga ungaphendukanga
Class 4 iphendukile, iphendukē ephendukile, ephendukē iphendukile, iphendukē ayiphendukanga engaphendukanga ingaphendukanga
Class 5 liphendukile, liphendukē eliphendukile, eliphendukē liphendukile, liphendukē aliphendukanga elingaphendukanga lingaphendukanga
Class 6 aphendukile, aphendukē aphendukile, aphendukē ephendukile, ephendukē awaphendukanga angaphendukanga engaphendukanga
Class 7 siphendukile, siphendukē esiphendukile, esiphendukē siphendukile, siphendukē asiphendukanga esingaphendukanga singaphendukanga
Class 8 ziphendukile, ziphendukē eziphendukile, eziphendukē ziphendukile, ziphendukē aziphendukanga ezingaphendukanga zingaphendukanga
Class 9 iphendukile, iphendukē ephendukile, ephendukē iphendukile, iphendukē ayiphendukanga engaphendukanga ingaphendukanga
Class 10 ziphendukile, ziphendukē eziphendukile, eziphendukē ziphendukile, ziphendukē aziphendukanga ezingaphendukanga zingaphendukanga
Class 11 luphendukile, luphendukē oluphendukile, oluphendukē luphendukile, luphendukē aluphendukanga olungaphendukanga lungaphendukanga
Class 14 buphendukile, buphendukē obuphendukile, obuphendukē buphendukile, buphendukē abuphendukanga obungaphendukanga bungaphendukanga
Class 15 kuphendukile, kuphendukē okuphendukile, okuphendukē kuphendukile, kuphendukē akuphendukanga okungaphendukanga kungaphendukanga
Class 17 kuphendukile, kuphendukē okuphendukile, okuphendukē kuphendukile, kuphendukē akuphendukanga okungaphendukanga kungaphendukanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāphenduka engāphenduka ngāphenduka angiphendukanga engingaphendukanga ngingaphendukanga
2nd singular wāphenduka owāphenduka wāphenduka awuphendukanga ongaphendukanga ungaphendukanga
1st plural sāphenduka esāphenduka sāphenduka asiphendukanga esingaphendukanga singaphendukanga
2nd plural nāphenduka enāphenduka nāphenduka aniphendukanga eningaphendukanga ningaphendukanga
Class 1 wāphenduka owāphenduka āphenduka akaphendukanga ongaphendukanga engaphendukanga
Class 2 bāphenduka abāphenduka bāphenduka abaphendukanga abangaphendukanga bengaphendukanga
Class 3 wāphenduka owāphenduka wāphenduka awuphendukanga ongaphendukanga ungaphendukanga
Class 4 yāphenduka eyāphenduka yāphenduka ayiphendukanga engaphendukanga ingaphendukanga
Class 5 lāphenduka elāphenduka lāphenduka aliphendukanga elingaphendukanga lingaphendukanga
Class 6 āphenduka āphenduka āphenduka awaphendukanga angaphendukanga engaphendukanga
Class 7 sāphenduka esāphenduka sāphenduka asiphendukanga esingaphendukanga singaphendukanga
Class 8 zāphenduka ezāphenduka zāphenduka aziphendukanga ezingaphendukanga zingaphendukanga
Class 9 yāphenduka eyāphenduka yāphenduka ayiphendukanga engaphendukanga ingaphendukanga
Class 10 zāphenduka ezāphenduka zāphenduka aziphendukanga ezingaphendukanga zingaphendukanga
Class 11 lwāphenduka olwāphenduka lwāphenduka aluphendukanga olungaphendukanga lungaphendukanga
Class 14 bāphenduka obāphenduka bāphenduka abuphendukanga obungaphendukanga bungaphendukanga
Class 15 kwāphenduka okwāphenduka kwāphenduka akuphendukanga okungaphendukanga kungaphendukanga
Class 17 kwāphenduka okwāphenduka kwāphenduka akuphendukanga okungaphendukanga kungaphendukanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingaphenduka ngingaphenduka ngingephenduke ngingephenduke
2nd singular ungaphenduka ungaphenduka ungephenduke ungephenduke
1st plural singaphenduka singaphenduka singephenduke singephenduke
2nd plural ningaphenduka ningaphenduka ningephenduke ningephenduke
Class 1 angaphenduka engaphenduka angephenduke engephenduke
Class 2 bangaphenduka bengaphenduka bangephenduke bengephenduke
Class 3 ungaphenduka ungaphenduka ungephenduke ungephenduke
Class 4 ingaphenduka ingaphenduka ingephenduke ingephenduke
Class 5 lingaphenduka lingaphenduka lingephenduke lingephenduke
Class 6 angaphenduka engaphenduka angephenduke engephenduke
Class 7 singaphenduka singaphenduka singephenduke singephenduke
Class 8 zingaphenduka zingaphenduka zingephenduke zingephenduke
Class 9 ingaphenduka ingaphenduka ingephenduke ingephenduke
Class 10 zingaphenduka zingaphenduka zingephenduke zingephenduke
Class 11 lungaphenduka lungaphenduka lungephenduke lungephenduke
Class 14 bungaphenduka bungaphenduka bungephenduke bungephenduke
Class 15 kungaphenduka kungaphenduka kungephenduke kungephenduke
Class 17 kungaphenduka kungaphenduka kungephenduke kungephenduke
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizophenduka engizophenduka ngizophenduka angizuphenduka engingezuphenduka ngingezuphenduka
2nd singular uzophenduka ozophenduka uzophenduka awuzuphenduka ongezuphenduka ungezuphenduka
1st plural sizophenduka esizophenduka sizophenduka asizuphenduka esingezuphenduka singezuphenduka
2nd plural nizophenduka enizophenduka nizophenduka anizuphenduka eningezuphenduka ningezuphenduka
Class 1 uzophenduka ozophenduka ezophenduka akazuphenduka ongezuphenduka engezuphenduka
Class 2 bazophenduka abazophenduka bezophenduka abazuphenduka abangezuphenduka bengezuphenduka
Class 3 uzophenduka ozophenduka uzophenduka awuzuphenduka ongezuphenduka ungezuphenduka
Class 4 izophenduka ezophenduka izophenduka ayizuphenduka engezuphenduka ingezuphenduka
Class 5 lizophenduka elizophenduka lizophenduka alizuphenduka elingezuphenduka lingezuphenduka
Class 6 azophenduka azophenduka ezophenduka awazuphenduka angezuphenduka engezuphenduka
Class 7 sizophenduka esizophenduka sizophenduka asizuphenduka esingezuphenduka singezuphenduka
Class 8 zizophenduka ezizophenduka zizophenduka azizuphenduka ezingezuphenduka zingezuphenduka
Class 9 izophenduka ezophenduka izophenduka ayizuphenduka engezuphenduka ingezuphenduka
Class 10 zizophenduka ezizophenduka zizophenduka azizuphenduka ezingezuphenduka zingezuphenduka
Class 11 luzophenduka oluzophenduka luzophenduka aluzuphenduka olungezuphenduka lungezuphenduka
Class 14 buzophenduka obuzophenduka buzophenduka abuzuphenduka obungezuphenduka bungezuphenduka
Class 15 kuzophenduka okuzophenduka kuzophenduka akuzuphenduka okungezuphenduka kungezuphenduka
Class 17 kuzophenduka okuzophenduka kuzophenduka akuzuphenduka okungezuphenduka kungezuphenduka
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyophenduka engiyophenduka ngiyophenduka angiyuphenduka engingeyuphenduka ngingeyuphenduka
2nd singular uyophenduka oyophenduka uyophenduka awuyuphenduka ongeyuphenduka ungeyuphenduka
1st plural siyophenduka esiyophenduka siyophenduka asiyuphenduka esingeyuphenduka singeyuphenduka
2nd plural niyophenduka eniyophenduka niyophenduka aniyuphenduka eningeyuphenduka ningeyuphenduka
Class 1 uyophenduka oyophenduka eyophenduka akayuphenduka ongeyuphenduka engeyuphenduka
Class 2 bayophenduka abayophenduka beyophenduka abayuphenduka abangeyuphenduka bengeyuphenduka
Class 3 uyophenduka oyophenduka uyophenduka awuyuphenduka ongeyuphenduka ungeyuphenduka
Class 4 iyophenduka eyophenduka iyophenduka ayiyuphenduka engeyuphenduka ingeyuphenduka
Class 5 liyophenduka eliyophenduka liyophenduka aliyuphenduka elingeyuphenduka lingeyuphenduka
Class 6 ayophenduka ayophenduka eyophenduka awayuphenduka angeyuphenduka engeyuphenduka
Class 7 siyophenduka esiyophenduka siyophenduka asiyuphenduka esingeyuphenduka singeyuphenduka
Class 8 ziyophenduka eziyophenduka ziyophenduka aziyuphenduka ezingeyuphenduka zingeyuphenduka
Class 9 iyophenduka eyophenduka iyophenduka ayiyuphenduka engeyuphenduka ingeyuphenduka
Class 10 ziyophenduka eziyophenduka ziyophenduka aziyuphenduka ezingeyuphenduka zingeyuphenduka
Class 11 luyophenduka oluyophenduka luyophenduka aluyuphenduka olungeyuphenduka lungeyuphenduka
Class 14 buyophenduka obuyophenduka buyophenduka abuyuphenduka obungeyuphenduka bungeyuphenduka
Class 15 kuyophenduka okuyophenduka kuyophenduka akuyuphenduka okungeyuphenduka kungeyuphenduka
Class 17 kuyophenduka okuyophenduka kuyophenduka akuyuphenduka okungeyuphenduka kungeyuphenduka
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngiphenduke ngingaphenduki
2nd singular uphenduke ungaphenduki
1st plural siphenduke singaphenduki
2nd plural niphenduke ningaphenduki
Class 1 aphenduke angaphenduki
Class 2 baphenduke bangaphenduki
Class 3 uphenduke ungaphenduki
Class 4 iphenduke ingaphenduki
Class 5 liphenduke lingaphenduki
Class 6 aphenduke angaphenduki
Class 7 siphenduke singaphenduki
Class 8 ziphenduke zingaphenduki
Class 9 iphenduke ingaphenduki
Class 10 ziphenduke zingaphenduki
Class 11 luphenduke lungaphenduki
Class 14 buphenduke bungaphenduki
Class 15 kuphenduke kungaphenduki
Class 17 kuphenduke kungaphenduki
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngaphenduka ngangaphenduka, angaphenduka, angangaphenduka
2nd singular waphenduka wangaphenduka, awaphenduka, awangaphenduka
1st plural saphenduka sangaphenduka, asaphenduka, asangaphenduka
2nd plural naphenduka nangaphenduka, anaphenduka, anangaphenduka
Class 1 waphenduka wangaphenduka, akaphenduka, akangaphenduka
Class 2 baphenduka bangaphenduka, abaphenduka, abangaphenduka
Class 3 waphenduka wangaphenduka, awaphenduka, awangaphenduka
Class 4 yaphenduka yangaphenduka, ayaphenduka, ayangaphenduka
Class 5 laphenduka langaphenduka, alaphenduka, alangaphenduka
Class 6 aphenduka angaphenduka, awaphenduka, awangaphenduka
Class 7 saphenduka sangaphenduka, asaphenduka, asangaphenduka
Class 8 zaphenduka zangaphenduka, azaphenduka, azangaphenduka
Class 9 yaphenduka yangaphenduka, ayaphenduka, ayangaphenduka
Class 10 zaphenduka zangaphenduka, azaphenduka, azangaphenduka
Class 11 lwaphenduka lwangaphenduka, alwaphenduka, alwangaphenduka
Class 14 baphenduka bangaphenduka, abaphenduka, abangaphenduka
Class 15 kwaphenduka kwangaphenduka, akwaphenduka, akwangaphenduka
Class 17 kwaphenduka kwangaphenduka, akwaphenduka, akwangaphenduka

References[edit]