phenduka

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Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-phenduka?

  1. (transitive and intransitive) to turn, to turn around
  2. (transitive and intransitive) to turn in circles, to spin, to revolve
  3. (transitive and intransitive) to change, to alter

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukuphenduka
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuphenduka ukungaphenduki
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular phenduka phenduke
Plural phendukani phendukeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyaphenduka, ngiphenduka engiyaphenduka, engiphenduka ngiphenduka angiphenduki engingaphenduki ngingaphenduki
2nd singular uyaphenduka, uphenduka oyaphenduka, ophenduka uphenduka awuphenduki ongaphenduki ungaphenduki
1st plural siyaphenduka, siphenduka esiyaphenduka, esiphenduka siphenduka asiphenduki esingaphenduki singaphenduki
2nd plural niyaphenduka, niphenduka eniyaphenduka, eniphenduka niphenduka aniphenduki eningaphenduki ningaphenduki
Class 1 uyaphenduka, uphenduka oyaphenduka, ophenduka ephenduka akaphenduki ongaphenduki engaphenduki
Class 2 bayaphenduka, baphenduka abayaphenduka, abaphenduka bephenduka abaphenduki abangaphenduki bengaphenduki
Class 3 uyaphenduka, uphenduka oyaphenduka, ophenduka uphenduka awuphenduki ongaphenduki ungaphenduki
Class 4 iyaphenduka, iphenduka eyaphenduka, ephenduka iphenduka ayiphenduki engaphenduki ingaphenduki
Class 5 liyaphenduka, liphenduka eliyaphenduka, eliphenduka liphenduka aliphenduki elingaphenduki lingaphenduki
Class 6 ayaphenduka, aphenduka ayaphenduka, aphenduka ephenduka awaphenduki angaphenduki engaphenduki
Class 7 siyaphenduka, siphenduka esiyaphenduka, esiphenduka siphenduka asiphenduki esingaphenduki singaphenduki
Class 8 ziyaphenduka, ziphenduka eziyaphenduka, eziphenduka ziphenduka aziphenduki ezingaphenduki zingaphenduki
Class 9 iyaphenduka, iphenduka eyaphenduka, ephenduka iphenduka ayiphenduki engaphenduki ingaphenduki
Class 10 ziyaphenduka, ziphenduka eziyaphenduka, eziphenduka ziphenduka aziphenduki ezingaphenduki zingaphenduki
Class 11 luyaphenduka, luphenduka oluyaphenduka, oluphenduka luphenduka aluphenduki olungaphenduki lungaphenduki
Class 14 buyaphenduka, buphenduka obuyaphenduka, obuphenduka buphenduka abuphenduki obungaphenduki bungaphenduki
Class 15 kuyaphenduka, kuphenduka okuyaphenduka, okuphenduka kuphenduka akuphenduki okungaphenduki kungaphenduki
Class 17 kuyaphenduka, kuphenduka okuyaphenduka, okuphenduka kuphenduka akuphenduki okungaphenduki kungaphenduki
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiphendukile, ngiphendukē engiphendukile, engiphendukē ngiphendukile, ngiphendukē angiphendukanga engingaphendukanga ngingaphendukanga
2nd singular uphendukile, uphendukē ophendukile, ophendukē uphendukile, uphendukē awuphendukanga ongaphendukanga ungaphendukanga
1st plural siphendukile, siphendukē esiphendukile, esiphendukē siphendukile, siphendukē asiphendukanga esingaphendukanga singaphendukanga
2nd plural niphendukile, niphendukē eniphendukile, eniphendukē niphendukile, niphendukē aniphendukanga eningaphendukanga ningaphendukanga
Class 1 uphendukile, uphendukē ophendukile, ophendukē ephendukile, ephendukē akaphendukanga ongaphendukanga engaphendukanga
Class 2 baphendukile, baphendukē abaphendukile, abaphendukē bephendukile, bephendukē abaphendukanga abangaphendukanga bengaphendukanga
Class 3 uphendukile, uphendukē ophendukile, ophendukē uphendukile, uphendukē awuphendukanga ongaphendukanga ungaphendukanga
Class 4 iphendukile, iphendukē ephendukile, ephendukē iphendukile, iphendukē ayiphendukanga engaphendukanga ingaphendukanga
Class 5 liphendukile, liphendukē eliphendukile, eliphendukē liphendukile, liphendukē aliphendukanga elingaphendukanga lingaphendukanga
Class 6 aphendukile, aphendukē aphendukile, aphendukē ephendukile, ephendukē awaphendukanga angaphendukanga engaphendukanga
Class 7 siphendukile, siphendukē esiphendukile, esiphendukē siphendukile, siphendukē asiphendukanga esingaphendukanga singaphendukanga
Class 8 ziphendukile, ziphendukē eziphendukile, eziphendukē ziphendukile, ziphendukē aziphendukanga ezingaphendukanga zingaphendukanga
Class 9 iphendukile, iphendukē ephendukile, ephendukē iphendukile, iphendukē ayiphendukanga engaphendukanga ingaphendukanga
Class 10 ziphendukile, ziphendukē eziphendukile, eziphendukē ziphendukile, ziphendukē aziphendukanga ezingaphendukanga zingaphendukanga
Class 11 luphendukile, luphendukē oluphendukile, oluphendukē luphendukile, luphendukē aluphendukanga olungaphendukanga lungaphendukanga
Class 14 buphendukile, buphendukē obuphendukile, obuphendukē buphendukile, buphendukē abuphendukanga obungaphendukanga bungaphendukanga
Class 15 kuphendukile, kuphendukē okuphendukile, okuphendukē kuphendukile, kuphendukē akuphendukanga okungaphendukanga kungaphendukanga
Class 17 kuphendukile, kuphendukē okuphendukile, okuphendukē kuphendukile, kuphendukē akuphendukanga okungaphendukanga kungaphendukanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāphenduka engāphenduka ngāphenduka angiphendukanga engingaphendukanga ngingaphendukanga
2nd singular wāphenduka owāphenduka wāphenduka awuphendukanga ongaphendukanga ungaphendukanga
1st plural sāphenduka esāphenduka sāphenduka asiphendukanga esingaphendukanga singaphendukanga
2nd plural nāphenduka enāphenduka nāphenduka aniphendukanga eningaphendukanga ningaphendukanga
Class 1 wāphenduka owāphenduka āphenduka akaphendukanga ongaphendukanga engaphendukanga
Class 2 bāphenduka abāphenduka bāphenduka abaphendukanga abangaphendukanga bengaphendukanga
Class 3 wāphenduka owāphenduka wāphenduka awuphendukanga ongaphendukanga ungaphendukanga
Class 4 yāphenduka eyāphenduka yāphenduka ayiphendukanga engaphendukanga ingaphendukanga
Class 5 lāphenduka elāphenduka lāphenduka aliphendukanga elingaphendukanga lingaphendukanga
Class 6 āphenduka āphenduka āphenduka awaphendukanga angaphendukanga engaphendukanga
Class 7 sāphenduka esāphenduka sāphenduka asiphendukanga esingaphendukanga singaphendukanga
Class 8 zāphenduka ezāphenduka zāphenduka aziphendukanga ezingaphendukanga zingaphendukanga
Class 9 yāphenduka eyāphenduka yāphenduka ayiphendukanga engaphendukanga ingaphendukanga
Class 10 zāphenduka ezāphenduka zāphenduka aziphendukanga ezingaphendukanga zingaphendukanga
Class 11 lwāphenduka olwāphenduka lwāphenduka aluphendukanga olungaphendukanga lungaphendukanga
Class 14 bāphenduka obāphenduka bāphenduka abuphendukanga obungaphendukanga bungaphendukanga
Class 15 kwāphenduka okwāphenduka kwāphenduka akuphendukanga okungaphendukanga kungaphendukanga
Class 17 kwāphenduka okwāphenduka kwāphenduka akuphendukanga okungaphendukanga kungaphendukanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingaphenduka ngingaphenduka ngingephenduke ngingephenduke
2nd singular ungaphenduka ungaphenduka ungephenduke ungephenduke
1st plural singaphenduka singaphenduka singephenduke singephenduke
2nd plural ningaphenduka ningaphenduka ningephenduke ningephenduke
Class 1 angaphenduka engaphenduka angephenduke engephenduke
Class 2 bangaphenduka bengaphenduka bangephenduke bengephenduke
Class 3 ungaphenduka ungaphenduka ungephenduke ungephenduke
Class 4 ingaphenduka ingaphenduka ingephenduke ingephenduke
Class 5 lingaphenduka lingaphenduka lingephenduke lingephenduke
Class 6 angaphenduka engaphenduka angephenduke engephenduke
Class 7 singaphenduka singaphenduka singephenduke singephenduke
Class 8 zingaphenduka zingaphenduka zingephenduke zingephenduke
Class 9 ingaphenduka ingaphenduka ingephenduke ingephenduke
Class 10 zingaphenduka zingaphenduka zingephenduke zingephenduke
Class 11 lungaphenduka lungaphenduka lungephenduke lungephenduke
Class 14 bungaphenduka bungaphenduka bungephenduke bungephenduke
Class 15 kungaphenduka kungaphenduka kungephenduke kungephenduke
Class 17 kungaphenduka kungaphenduka kungephenduke kungephenduke
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizophenduka engizophenduka ngizophenduka angizuphenduka ngingezuphenduka
2nd singular uzophenduka ozophenduka uzophenduka awuzuphenduka ungezuphenduka
1st plural sizophenduka esizophenduka sizophenduka asizuphenduka singezuphenduka
2nd plural nizophenduka enizophenduka nizophenduka anizuphenduka ningezuphenduka
Class 1 uzophenduka ozophenduka ezophenduka akazuphenduka engezuphenduka
Class 2 bazophenduka abazophenduka bezophenduka abazuphenduka bengezuphenduka
Class 3 uzophenduka ozophenduka uzophenduka awuzuphenduka ungezuphenduka
Class 4 izophenduka ezophenduka izophenduka ayizuphenduka ingezuphenduka
Class 5 lizophenduka elizophenduka lizophenduka alizuphenduka lingezuphenduka
Class 6 azophenduka azophenduka ezophenduka awazuphenduka engezuphenduka
Class 7 sizophenduka esizophenduka sizophenduka asizuphenduka singezuphenduka
Class 8 zizophenduka ezizophenduka zizophenduka azizuphenduka zingezuphenduka
Class 9 izophenduka ezophenduka izophenduka ayizuphenduka ingezuphenduka
Class 10 zizophenduka ezizophenduka zizophenduka azizuphenduka zingezuphenduka
Class 11 luzophenduka oluzophenduka luzophenduka aluzuphenduka lungezuphenduka
Class 14 buzophenduka obuzophenduka buzophenduka abuzuphenduka bungezuphenduka
Class 15 kuzophenduka okuzophenduka kuzophenduka akuzuphenduka kungezuphenduka
Class 17 kuzophenduka okuzophenduka kuzophenduka akuzuphenduka kungezuphenduka
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyophenduka engiyophenduka ngiyophenduka angiyuphenduka ngingeyuphenduka
2nd singular uyophenduka oyophenduka uyophenduka awuyuphenduka ungeyuphenduka
1st plural siyophenduka esiyophenduka siyophenduka asiyuphenduka singeyuphenduka
2nd plural niyophenduka eniyophenduka niyophenduka aniyuphenduka ningeyuphenduka
Class 1 uyophenduka oyophenduka eyophenduka akayuphenduka engeyuphenduka
Class 2 bayophenduka abayophenduka beyophenduka abayuphenduka bengeyuphenduka
Class 3 uyophenduka oyophenduka uyophenduka awuyuphenduka ungeyuphenduka
Class 4 iyophenduka eyophenduka iyophenduka ayiyuphenduka ingeyuphenduka
Class 5 liyophenduka eliyophenduka liyophenduka aliyuphenduka lingeyuphenduka
Class 6 ayophenduka ayophenduka eyophenduka awayuphenduka engeyuphenduka
Class 7 siyophenduka esiyophenduka siyophenduka asiyuphenduka singeyuphenduka
Class 8 ziyophenduka eziyophenduka ziyophenduka aziyuphenduka zingeyuphenduka
Class 9 iyophenduka eyophenduka iyophenduka ayiyuphenduka ingeyuphenduka
Class 10 ziyophenduka eziyophenduka ziyophenduka aziyuphenduka zingeyuphenduka
Class 11 luyophenduka oluyophenduka luyophenduka aluyuphenduka lungeyuphenduka
Class 14 buyophenduka obuyophenduka buyophenduka abuyuphenduka bungeyuphenduka
Class 15 kuyophenduka okuyophenduka kuyophenduka akuyuphenduka kungeyuphenduka
Class 17 kuyophenduka okuyophenduka kuyophenduka akuyuphenduka kungeyuphenduka
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngiphenduke ngingaphenduki
2nd singular uphenduke ungaphenduki
1st plural siphenduke singaphenduki
2nd plural niphenduke ningaphenduki
Class 1 aphenduke angaphenduki
Class 2 baphenduke bangaphenduki
Class 3 uphenduke ungaphenduki
Class 4 iphenduke ingaphenduki
Class 5 liphenduke lingaphenduki
Class 6 aphenduke angaphenduki
Class 7 siphenduke singaphenduki
Class 8 ziphenduke zingaphenduki
Class 9 iphenduke ingaphenduki
Class 10 ziphenduke zingaphenduki
Class 11 luphenduke lungaphenduki
Class 14 buphenduke bungaphenduki
Class 15 kuphenduke kungaphenduki
Class 17 kuphenduke kungaphenduki
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngaphenduka angiphenduka
2nd singular waphenduka awuphenduka
1st plural saphenduka asiphenduka
2nd plural naphenduka aniphenduka
Class 1 waphenduka akaphenduka
Class 2 baphenduka abaphenduka
Class 3 waphenduka awuphenduka
Class 4 yaphenduka ayiphenduka
Class 5 laphenduka aliphenduka
Class 6 aphenduka awaphenduka
Class 7 saphenduka asiphenduka
Class 8 zaphenduka aziphenduka
Class 9 yaphenduka ayiphenduka
Class 10 zaphenduka aziphenduka
Class 11 lwaphenduka aluphenduka
Class 14 baphenduka abuphenduka
Class 15 kwaphenduka akuphenduka
Class 17 kwaphenduka akuphenduka

References[edit]