phupha

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Xhosa[edit]

Verb[edit]

-phupha

  1. (intransitive) to dream

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-phupha

  1. (intransitive) to dream

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukuphupha
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuphupha ukungaphuphi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular phupha -phuphe
Plural phuphani -phupheni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyaphupha, ngiphupha engiphuphayo, engiphupha ngiphupha angiphuphi engingaphuphi ngingaphuphi
2nd singular uyaphupha, uphupha ophuphayo, ophupha uphupha awuphuphi ongaphuphi ungaphuphi
1st plural siyaphupha, siphupha esiphuphayo, esiphupha siphupha asiphuphi esingaphuphi singaphuphi
2nd plural niyaphupha, niphupha eniphuphayo, eniphupha niphupha aniphuphi eningaphuphi ningaphuphi
Class 1 uyaphupha, uphupha ophuphayo, ophupha ephupha akaphuphi ongaphuphi engaphuphi
Class 2 bayaphupha, baphupha abaphuphayo, abaphupha bephupha abaphuphi abangaphuphi bengaphuphi
Class 3 uyaphupha, uphupha ophuphayo, ophupha uphupha awuphuphi ongaphuphi ungaphuphi
Class 4 iyaphupha, iphupha ephuphayo, ephupha iphupha ayiphuphi engaphuphi ingaphuphi
Class 5 liyaphupha, liphupha eliphuphayo, eliphupha liphupha aliphuphi elingaphuphi lingaphuphi
Class 6 ayaphupha, aphupha aphuphayo, aphupha ephupha awaphuphi angaphuphi engaphuphi
Class 7 siyaphupha, siphupha esiphuphayo, esiphupha siphupha asiphuphi esingaphuphi singaphuphi
Class 8 ziyaphupha, ziphupha eziphuphayo, eziphupha ziphupha aziphuphi ezingaphuphi zingaphuphi
Class 9 iyaphupha, iphupha ephuphayo, ephupha iphupha ayiphuphi engaphuphi ingaphuphi
Class 10 ziyaphupha, ziphupha eziphuphayo, eziphupha ziphupha aziphuphi ezingaphuphi zingaphuphi
Class 11 luyaphupha, luphupha oluphuphayo, oluphupha luphupha aluphuphi olungaphuphi lungaphuphi
Class 14 buyaphupha, buphupha obuphuphayo, obuphupha buphupha abuphuphi obungaphuphi bungaphuphi
Class 15 kuyaphupha, kuphupha okuphuphayo, okuphupha kuphupha akuphuphi okungaphuphi kungaphuphi
Class 17 kuyaphupha, kuphupha okuphuphayo, okuphupha kuphupha akuphuphi okungaphuphi kungaphuphi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiphuphile, ngiphuphē engiphuphile, engiphuphē ngiphuphile, ngiphuphē angiphuphanga engingaphuphanga ngingaphuphanga
2nd singular uphuphile, uphuphē ophuphile, ophuphē uphuphile, uphuphē awuphuphanga ongaphuphanga ungaphuphanga
1st plural siphuphile, siphuphē esiphuphile, esiphuphē siphuphile, siphuphē asiphuphanga esingaphuphanga singaphuphanga
2nd plural niphuphile, niphuphē eniphuphile, eniphuphē niphuphile, niphuphē aniphuphanga eningaphuphanga ningaphuphanga
Class 1 uphuphile, uphuphē ophuphile, ophuphē ephuphile, ephuphē akaphuphanga ongaphuphanga engaphuphanga
Class 2 baphuphile, baphuphē abaphuphile, abaphuphē bephuphile, bephuphē abaphuphanga abangaphuphanga bengaphuphanga
Class 3 uphuphile, uphuphē ophuphile, ophuphē uphuphile, uphuphē awuphuphanga ongaphuphanga ungaphuphanga
Class 4 iphuphile, iphuphē ephuphile, ephuphē iphuphile, iphuphē ayiphuphanga engaphuphanga ingaphuphanga
Class 5 liphuphile, liphuphē eliphuphile, eliphuphē liphuphile, liphuphē aliphuphanga elingaphuphanga lingaphuphanga
Class 6 aphuphile, aphuphē aphuphile, aphuphē ephuphile, ephuphē awaphuphanga angaphuphanga engaphuphanga
Class 7 siphuphile, siphuphē esiphuphile, esiphuphē siphuphile, siphuphē asiphuphanga esingaphuphanga singaphuphanga
Class 8 ziphuphile, ziphuphē eziphuphile, eziphuphē ziphuphile, ziphuphē aziphuphanga ezingaphuphanga zingaphuphanga
Class 9 iphuphile, iphuphē ephuphile, ephuphē iphuphile, iphuphē ayiphuphanga engaphuphanga ingaphuphanga
Class 10 ziphuphile, ziphuphē eziphuphile, eziphuphē ziphuphile, ziphuphē aziphuphanga ezingaphuphanga zingaphuphanga
Class 11 luphuphile, luphuphē oluphuphile, oluphuphē luphuphile, luphuphē aluphuphanga olungaphuphanga lungaphuphanga
Class 14 buphuphile, buphuphē obuphuphile, obuphuphē buphuphile, buphuphē abuphuphanga obungaphuphanga bungaphuphanga
Class 15 kuphuphile, kuphuphē okuphuphile, okuphuphē kuphuphile, kuphuphē akuphuphanga okungaphuphanga kungaphuphanga
Class 17 kuphuphile, kuphuphē okuphuphile, okuphuphē kuphuphile, kuphuphē akuphuphanga okungaphuphanga kungaphuphanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāphupha engāphupha ngāphupha angiphuphanga engingaphuphanga ngingaphuphanga
2nd singular wāphupha owāphupha wāphupha awuphuphanga ongaphuphanga ungaphuphanga
1st plural sāphupha esāphupha sāphupha asiphuphanga esingaphuphanga singaphuphanga
2nd plural nāphupha enāphupha nāphupha aniphuphanga eningaphuphanga ningaphuphanga
Class 1 wāphupha owāphupha āphupha akaphuphanga ongaphuphanga engaphuphanga
Class 2 bāphupha abāphupha bāphupha abaphuphanga abangaphuphanga bengaphuphanga
Class 3 wāphupha owāphupha wāphupha awuphuphanga ongaphuphanga ungaphuphanga
Class 4 yāphupha eyāphupha yāphupha ayiphuphanga engaphuphanga ingaphuphanga
Class 5 lāphupha elāphupha lāphupha aliphuphanga elingaphuphanga lingaphuphanga
Class 6 āphupha āphupha āphupha awaphuphanga angaphuphanga engaphuphanga
Class 7 sāphupha esāphupha sāphupha asiphuphanga esingaphuphanga singaphuphanga
Class 8 zāphupha ezāphupha zāphupha aziphuphanga ezingaphuphanga zingaphuphanga
Class 9 yāphupha eyāphupha yāphupha ayiphuphanga engaphuphanga ingaphuphanga
Class 10 zāphupha ezāphupha zāphupha aziphuphanga ezingaphuphanga zingaphuphanga
Class 11 lwāphupha olwāphupha lwāphupha aluphuphanga olungaphuphanga lungaphuphanga
Class 14 bāphupha obāphupha bāphupha abuphuphanga obungaphuphanga bungaphuphanga
Class 15 kwāphupha okwāphupha kwāphupha akuphuphanga okungaphuphanga kungaphuphanga
Class 17 kwāphupha okwāphupha kwāphupha akuphuphanga okungaphuphanga kungaphuphanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingaphupha ngingaphupha ngingephuphe ngingephuphe
2nd singular ungaphupha ungaphupha ungephuphe ungephuphe
1st plural singaphupha singaphupha singephuphe singephuphe
2nd plural ningaphupha ningaphupha ningephuphe ningephuphe
Class 1 angaphupha engaphupha angephuphe engephuphe
Class 2 bangaphupha bengaphupha bangephuphe bengephuphe
Class 3 ungaphupha ungaphupha ungephuphe ungephuphe
Class 4 ingaphupha ingaphupha ingephuphe ingephuphe
Class 5 lingaphupha lingaphupha lingephuphe lingephuphe
Class 6 angaphupha engaphupha angephuphe engephuphe
Class 7 singaphupha singaphupha singephuphe singephuphe
Class 8 zingaphupha zingaphupha zingephuphe zingephuphe
Class 9 ingaphupha ingaphupha ingephuphe ingephuphe
Class 10 zingaphupha zingaphupha zingephuphe zingephuphe
Class 11 lungaphupha lungaphupha lungephuphe lungephuphe
Class 14 bungaphupha bungaphupha bungephuphe bungephuphe
Class 15 kungaphupha kungaphupha kungephuphe kungephuphe
Class 17 kungaphupha kungaphupha kungephuphe kungephuphe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizophupha engizophupha ngizophupha angizuphupha engingezuphupha ngingezuphupha
2nd singular uzophupha ozophupha uzophupha awuzuphupha ongezuphupha ungezuphupha
1st plural sizophupha esizophupha sizophupha asizuphupha esingezuphupha singezuphupha
2nd plural nizophupha enizophupha nizophupha anizuphupha eningezuphupha ningezuphupha
Class 1 uzophupha ozophupha ezophupha akazuphupha ongezuphupha engezuphupha
Class 2 bazophupha abazophupha bezophupha abazuphupha abangezuphupha bengezuphupha
Class 3 uzophupha ozophupha uzophupha awuzuphupha ongezuphupha ungezuphupha
Class 4 izophupha ezophupha izophupha ayizuphupha engezuphupha ingezuphupha
Class 5 lizophupha elizophupha lizophupha alizuphupha elingezuphupha lingezuphupha
Class 6 azophupha azophupha ezophupha awazuphupha angezuphupha engezuphupha
Class 7 sizophupha esizophupha sizophupha asizuphupha esingezuphupha singezuphupha
Class 8 zizophupha ezizophupha zizophupha azizuphupha ezingezuphupha zingezuphupha
Class 9 izophupha ezophupha izophupha ayizuphupha engezuphupha ingezuphupha
Class 10 zizophupha ezizophupha zizophupha azizuphupha ezingezuphupha zingezuphupha
Class 11 luzophupha oluzophupha luzophupha aluzuphupha olungezuphupha lungezuphupha
Class 14 buzophupha obuzophupha buzophupha abuzuphupha obungezuphupha bungezuphupha
Class 15 kuzophupha okuzophupha kuzophupha akuzuphupha okungezuphupha kungezuphupha
Class 17 kuzophupha okuzophupha kuzophupha akuzuphupha okungezuphupha kungezuphupha
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyophupha engiyophupha ngiyophupha angiyuphupha engingeyuphupha ngingeyuphupha
2nd singular uyophupha oyophupha uyophupha awuyuphupha ongeyuphupha ungeyuphupha
1st plural siyophupha esiyophupha siyophupha asiyuphupha esingeyuphupha singeyuphupha
2nd plural niyophupha eniyophupha niyophupha aniyuphupha eningeyuphupha ningeyuphupha
Class 1 uyophupha oyophupha eyophupha akayuphupha ongeyuphupha engeyuphupha
Class 2 bayophupha abayophupha beyophupha abayuphupha abangeyuphupha bengeyuphupha
Class 3 uyophupha oyophupha uyophupha awuyuphupha ongeyuphupha ungeyuphupha
Class 4 iyophupha eyophupha iyophupha ayiyuphupha engeyuphupha ingeyuphupha
Class 5 liyophupha eliyophupha liyophupha aliyuphupha elingeyuphupha lingeyuphupha
Class 6 ayophupha ayophupha eyophupha awayuphupha angeyuphupha engeyuphupha
Class 7 siyophupha esiyophupha siyophupha asiyuphupha esingeyuphupha singeyuphupha
Class 8 ziyophupha eziyophupha ziyophupha aziyuphupha ezingeyuphupha zingeyuphupha
Class 9 iyophupha eyophupha iyophupha ayiyuphupha engeyuphupha ingeyuphupha
Class 10 ziyophupha eziyophupha ziyophupha aziyuphupha ezingeyuphupha zingeyuphupha
Class 11 luyophupha oluyophupha luyophupha aluyuphupha olungeyuphupha lungeyuphupha
Class 14 buyophupha obuyophupha buyophupha abuyuphupha obungeyuphupha bungeyuphupha
Class 15 kuyophupha okuyophupha kuyophupha akuyuphupha okungeyuphupha kungeyuphupha
Class 17 kuyophupha okuyophupha kuyophupha akuyuphupha okungeyuphupha kungeyuphupha
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngiphuphe ngingaphuphi
2nd singular uphuphe ungaphuphi
1st plural siphuphe singaphuphi
2nd plural niphuphe ningaphuphi
Class 1 aphuphe angaphuphi
Class 2 baphuphe bangaphuphi
Class 3 uphuphe ungaphuphi
Class 4 iphuphe ingaphuphi
Class 5 liphuphe lingaphuphi
Class 6 aphuphe angaphuphi
Class 7 siphuphe singaphuphi
Class 8 ziphuphe zingaphuphi
Class 9 iphuphe ingaphuphi
Class 10 ziphuphe zingaphuphi
Class 11 luphuphe lungaphuphi
Class 14 buphuphe bungaphuphi
Class 15 kuphuphe kungaphuphi
Class 17 kuphuphe kungaphuphi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngaphupha ngangaphupha, angaphupha, angangaphupha
2nd singular waphupha wangaphupha, awaphupha, awangaphupha
1st plural saphupha sangaphupha, asaphupha, asangaphupha
2nd plural naphupha nangaphupha, anaphupha, anangaphupha
Class 1 waphupha wangaphupha, akaphupha, akangaphupha
Class 2 baphupha bangaphupha, abaphupha, abangaphupha
Class 3 waphupha wangaphupha, awaphupha, awangaphupha
Class 4 yaphupha yangaphupha, ayaphupha, ayangaphupha
Class 5 laphupha langaphupha, alaphupha, alangaphupha
Class 6 aphupha angaphupha, awaphupha, awangaphupha
Class 7 saphupha sangaphupha, asaphupha, asangaphupha
Class 8 zaphupha zangaphupha, azaphupha, azangaphupha
Class 9 yaphupha yangaphupha, ayaphupha, ayangaphupha
Class 10 zaphupha zangaphupha, azaphupha, azangaphupha
Class 11 lwaphupha lwangaphupha, alwaphupha, alwangaphupha
Class 14 baphupha bangaphupha, abaphupha, abangaphupha
Class 15 kwaphupha kwangaphupha, akwaphupha, akwangaphupha
Class 17 kwaphupha kwangaphupha, akwaphupha, akwangaphupha

References[edit]