polony

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See also: Polony

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A corruption of Bologna, possibly influenced by polony.

Noun[edit]

polony (plural polonies)

  1. A kind of sausage made of meat that has been only partly cooked.
    • 1873, Julia Kavanagh, Rachel Gray: A Tale Founded on Fact[1], page 42:
      There was a touch of quiet humour in Rachel, and with a demure smile, she internally wondered why it was precisely her polony that had been selected by puss, but aloud she merely declared that she could make an excellent supper on bread and beer.
    • 1978, Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, page 115:
      A survey of 25 polony samples of different brands available to the consumer in Bloemfontein showed that significant numbers of various micro-organisms were present.
    • 1984, (Please provide the book title or journal name), volume 39, number 4, page 35:
      Shlomo threw the polony and bread ceremoniously into the lorry and heaved himself up to see who it was who recognised him.

Etymology 2[edit]

Variant form.

Noun[edit]

polony (plural polonies)

  1. Alternative form of palone
    • 1938, Graham Greene, Brighton Rock[2], London: Heinemann (1947), page 28:
      “What about that polony he was with?” ¶ “She doesn't matter”, the Boy said, “She's just a buer—he gave her a half. I saw him hand it out.”
    • 1938, Graham Greene, Brighton Rock[3], London: Heinemann (1947), page 57:
      “I don't need a razor with a polony. If you don't know what it is, it's a bottle.”

Etymology 3[edit]

Blend of polymerase +‎ colony

Noun[edit]

polony

  1. (biotechnology) A cluster of polymerases produced by clonal amplification of DNA.
    • 2008, Proceedings, National Academy of Sciences, India, page 97:
      Fluorescent in situ sequencing (FISSEQ) or beadbased polony sequencing FISSEQ involves localized amplification of single DNA molecules, using an acrylarnide gel, thus creating colonies of PCR product that are called polonies.
    • 2008, Michal Janitz, Next-Generation Genome Sequencing: Towards Personalized Medicine[4], page 58:
      The development of polony technology is an extreme example of spatial compression; a polony array essentially consists of millions of distinguishable, immobilized, and femtoliter-scale "test tubes" filled with clonal DNA arising from individual DNA or RNA molecules via a single polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
    • 2008, John Mendelsohn, The Molecular Basis of Cancer[5]:
      This cycle is repeated several dozen times to generate DNA sequence information for each polony.

Further reading[edit]

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