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Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Late Latin precāre, from Latin precārī, present active infinitive of precor.



  1. to pray
  2. to pray; to beg; to implore
    • 12th Century, Unknown, Raoul de Cambrai:
      Mais je vos proi, por Dieu et por son non[.]
      But I pray to you, by God and by his name[.]
  3. to beg (as in, for food, for money)


This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -ier, with a palatal stem. These verbs are conjugated mostly like verbs in -er, but there is an extra i before the e of some endings. This verb has a stressed present stem pri distinct from the unstressed stem proi, as well as other irregularities. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.


  • French: prier
  • Middle English: preien