proximus

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *prokʷism̥mos, from *prokʷe (whence prope). See also -issimus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

proximus ‎(superlative of prope)

  1. nearest, next
  2. adjoining
  3. (substantive) the latest, most recent, last
  4. (substantive) the next

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative proximus proxima proximum proximī proximae proxima
genitive proximī proximae proximī proximōrum proximārum proximōrum
dative proximō proximō proximīs
accusative proximum proximam proximum proximōs proximās proxima
ablative proximō proximā proximō proximīs
vocative proxime proxima proximum proximī proximae proxima

Derived terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Adverb[edit]

proximus ‎(superlative)

  1. superlative degree of prope

Noun[edit]

proximus m ‎(genitive proximī); second declension

  1. neighbour
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Exodus.20.16
      Non loqueris contra proximum tuum falsum testimonium.
      Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
  2. nearest person or thing

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative proximus proximī
genitive proximī proximōrum
dative proximō proximīs
accusative proximum proximōs
ablative proximō proximīs
vocative proxime proximī

References[edit]

  • proximus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • proximus” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the atmosphere: aer qui est terrae proximus
    • (ambiguous) to be not far away: prope (propius, proxime) abesse
    • (ambiguous) (1) last year; (2) next year: proximo anno
    • (ambiguous) to be very near the truth: proxime ad verum accedere