spʿh

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See also: SPH

Middle Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Iranian *cwáHdaH (army), itself from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ćwáHdʰaH, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwéh₁-dʰ-o-h₁ (dual), from *ḱweh₁-, *ḱewh₁- (to swell, be great). Possible cognate with Avestan 𐬯𐬏𐬌𐬛𐬌𐬌𐬁𐬌(sūidiiāi, to swell, increase, inf.), Bactrian σοδο (sodo /sūdo/, plenty), Middle Persian [script needed] (swd /sūd/), [script needed] (swwd /sūd/, profit, advantage), Sanskrit शवस् (śavas, strength, superiority).

Noun[edit]

spʿh (spʿh /spāḥ/)

  1. army

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Persian: سپاه(sepâh)
  • Georgian: სპა (sṗa)