Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



From Latin superincumbentem, present participle of superincumbere.


  • (UK) IPA(key): /suːpəɹɪnˈkʌmbənt/


superincumbent (comparative more superincumbent, superlative most superincumbent)

  1. (chiefly sciences) Lying or resting on something else; overlying.
    • 1791, Erasmus Darwin, The Economy of Vegetation, J. Johnson, p. 61:
      As the vapour cooled the water would be precipitated, and an ocean would surround the spherical nucleus with a superincumbent atmosphere.
    • 1843 April, Thomas Carlyle, “ch. I, Phenomena”, in Past and Present, American edition, Boston, Mass.: Charles C[offin] Little and James Brown, published 1843, OCLC 191225086, book III (The Modern Worker):
      […] alas, on the contrary, what troops and populations of Phantasms, not God-Veracities but Devil-Falsities, down to the very lowest stratum, — which now, by such superincumbent weight of Unveracities, lies enchanted in St. Ives’ Workhouses, broad enough, helpless enough!
    • 2004, Richard Fortey, The Earth, Folio Society 2011, p. 87:
      The older Verrucano must have travelled to its present position as it slid and ground its way on the back of the oppressed Lochseiten limestone, which buckled and churned under the superincumbent load.