taxonym

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

taxo- +‎ -onym

Noun[edit]

taxonym (plural taxonyms)

  1. (semantics) A hyponym that differs only by properties that are highlighted in the corresponding hypernym.
    • 2004, William Croft & ‎D. Alan Cruse, Cognitive Linguistics, →ISBN, page 149:
      Ash-blonde and strawberry blonde are satisfactory taxonyms of blonde, but they are by no means the optimal subcategories of BLONDE.
    • 2009, William C. Ritchie & ‎Tej K. Bhatia -, The New Handbook of Second Language Acquisition, →ISBN, page 201:
      They conclude that a good taxonym must have as its core a specification of the core of the hyponym.
    • 2013, R. Green, ‎C.A. Bean, & ‎Sung Hyon Myaeng, The Semantics of Relationships: An Interdisciplinary Perspective, →ISBN, page 15:
      The proposal in connection with taxonymy is that a taxonym must (a) further specify a highlighted feature of the hypernym and (b) must similarly highlight it. From this it will follow that the reason stallion and foal are not good taxonyms of horse, is that they highlight features not highlighted in horse; a similar explanation holds for blonde and woman; likewise, prostitute is not a good taxonym of woman because it highlights profession, but is a good taxonym of sex-worker, because it specifies further and highlights what is highlighted in sex-worker, namely, type of work.
  2. A word used for classification purposes, that is, one that makes up part of a taxonomy.
    • 1971, Thomas George, Collected papers - Volume 1, page 228:
      ...single taxonym (however it may be artificially segmented into subsidiary taxa) ; but if collateral branches are later found, or reconstructed, or attached by the systematist — branches each one of which includes the ancestor — there is an embarrassment of inompatibles in the taxonomics, for the reason justifying the creation of new taxa at the cladal fork to express the evolutionary divergence is extraneous to the taxonymic unity of any one clade.
    • 1973, Babel - Volumes 19-21, page 195:
      Dialect has by now been used in so many senses that any definition will automatically be too narrow: for what we have here is a pre-scientific, folk taxonym (though a very useful taxonym) that is incapable of precise definition.
    • 2013, Tony Veale, ‎Kurt Feyaerts, ‎& Charles Forceville, Creativity and the Agile Mind, →ISBN:
      For instance, Way's DTH would understand the “make-up as Western burqa” metaphor via a dynamically created taxonym like things-women-are-expected-to-wear-in-public, though Way offers no algorithmic basis for the practical workings of such a taxonomy.

Derived terms[edit]