thola

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Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-thóla, from Proto-Bantu *-táʊda, reversive form of Proto-Bantu *-táa.

Verb[edit]

-thóla

  1. to get, obtain
  2. to find, come upon, pick up
  3. to discover, find out
  4. to adopt

Inflection[edit]

Tone H
Infinitive ukuthola
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuthola ukungatholi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular thola -thole
Plural tholani -tholeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyathola, ngithola engitholayo, engithola ngithola angitholi engingatholi ngingatholi
2nd singular uyathola, uthola otholayo, othola uthola awutholi ongatholi ungatholi
1st plural siyathola, sithola esitholayo, esithola sithola asitholi esingatholi singatholi
2nd plural niyathola, nithola enitholayo, enithola nithola anitholi eningatholi ningatholi
Class 1 uyathola, uthola otholayo, othola ethola akatholi ongatholi engatholi
Class 2 bayathola, bathola abatholayo, abathola bethola abatholi abangatholi bengatholi
Class 3 uyathola, uthola otholayo, othola uthola awutholi ongatholi ungatholi
Class 4 iyathola, ithola etholayo, ethola ithola ayitholi engatholi ingatholi
Class 5 liyathola, lithola elitholayo, elithola lithola alitholi elingatholi lingatholi
Class 6 ayathola, athola atholayo, athola ethola awatholi angatholi engatholi
Class 7 siyathola, sithola esitholayo, esithola sithola asitholi esingatholi singatholi
Class 8 ziyathola, zithola ezitholayo, ezithola zithola azitholi ezingatholi zingatholi
Class 9 iyathola, ithola etholayo, ethola ithola ayitholi engatholi ingatholi
Class 10 ziyathola, zithola ezitholayo, ezithola zithola azitholi ezingatholi zingatholi
Class 11 luyathola, luthola olutholayo, oluthola luthola alutholi olungatholi lungatholi
Class 14 buyathola, buthola obutholayo, obuthola buthola abutholi obungatholi bungatholi
Class 15 kuyathola, kuthola okutholayo, okuthola kuthola akutholi okungatholi kungatholi
Class 17 kuyathola, kuthola okutholayo, okuthola kuthola akutholi okungatholi kungatholi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngitholile, ngitholē engitholile, engitholē ngitholile, ngitholē angitholanga engingatholanga ngingatholanga
2nd singular utholile, utholē otholile, otholē utholile, utholē awutholanga ongatholanga ungatholanga
1st plural sitholile, sitholē esitholile, esitholē sitholile, sitholē asitholanga esingatholanga singatholanga
2nd plural nitholile, nitholē enitholile, enitholē nitholile, nitholē anitholanga eningatholanga ningatholanga
Class 1 utholile, utholē otholile, otholē etholile, etholē akatholanga ongatholanga engatholanga
Class 2 batholile, batholē abatholile, abatholē betholile, betholē abatholanga abangatholanga bengatholanga
Class 3 utholile, utholē otholile, otholē utholile, utholē awutholanga ongatholanga ungatholanga
Class 4 itholile, itholē etholile, etholē itholile, itholē ayitholanga engatholanga ingatholanga
Class 5 litholile, litholē elitholile, elitholē litholile, litholē alitholanga elingatholanga lingatholanga
Class 6 atholile, atholē atholile, atholē etholile, etholē awatholanga angatholanga engatholanga
Class 7 sitholile, sitholē esitholile, esitholē sitholile, sitholē asitholanga esingatholanga singatholanga
Class 8 zitholile, zitholē ezitholile, ezitholē zitholile, zitholē azitholanga ezingatholanga zingatholanga
Class 9 itholile, itholē etholile, etholē itholile, itholē ayitholanga engatholanga ingatholanga
Class 10 zitholile, zitholē ezitholile, ezitholē zitholile, zitholē azitholanga ezingatholanga zingatholanga
Class 11 lutholile, lutholē olutholile, olutholē lutholile, lutholē alutholanga olungatholanga lungatholanga
Class 14 butholile, butholē obutholile, obutholē butholile, butholē abutholanga obungatholanga bungatholanga
Class 15 kutholile, kutholē okutholile, okutholē kutholile, kutholē akutholanga okungatholanga kungatholanga
Class 17 kutholile, kutholē okutholile, okutholē kutholile, kutholē akutholanga okungatholanga kungatholanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāthola engāthola ngāthola angitholanga engingatholanga ngingatholanga
2nd singular wāthola owāthola wāthola awutholanga ongatholanga ungatholanga
1st plural sāthola esāthola sāthola asitholanga esingatholanga singatholanga
2nd plural nāthola enāthola nāthola anitholanga eningatholanga ningatholanga
Class 1 wāthola owāthola āthola akatholanga ongatholanga engatholanga
Class 2 bāthola abāthola bāthola abatholanga abangatholanga bengatholanga
Class 3 wāthola owāthola wāthola awutholanga ongatholanga ungatholanga
Class 4 yāthola eyāthola yāthola ayitholanga engatholanga ingatholanga
Class 5 lāthola elāthola lāthola alitholanga elingatholanga lingatholanga
Class 6 āthola āthola āthola awatholanga angatholanga engatholanga
Class 7 sāthola esāthola sāthola asitholanga esingatholanga singatholanga
Class 8 zāthola ezāthola zāthola azitholanga ezingatholanga zingatholanga
Class 9 yāthola eyāthola yāthola ayitholanga engatholanga ingatholanga
Class 10 zāthola ezāthola zāthola azitholanga ezingatholanga zingatholanga
Class 11 lwāthola olwāthola lwāthola alutholanga olungatholanga lungatholanga
Class 14 bāthola obāthola bāthola abutholanga obungatholanga bungatholanga
Class 15 kwāthola okwāthola kwāthola akutholanga okungatholanga kungatholanga
Class 17 kwāthola okwāthola kwāthola akutholanga okungatholanga kungatholanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingathola ngingathola ngingethole ngingethole
2nd singular ungathola ungathola ungethole ungethole
1st plural singathola singathola singethole singethole
2nd plural ningathola ningathola ningethole ningethole
Class 1 angathola engathola angethole engethole
Class 2 bangathola bengathola bangethole bengethole
Class 3 ungathola ungathola ungethole ungethole
Class 4 ingathola ingathola ingethole ingethole
Class 5 lingathola lingathola lingethole lingethole
Class 6 angathola engathola angethole engethole
Class 7 singathola singathola singethole singethole
Class 8 zingathola zingathola zingethole zingethole
Class 9 ingathola ingathola ingethole ingethole
Class 10 zingathola zingathola zingethole zingethole
Class 11 lungathola lungathola lungethole lungethole
Class 14 bungathola bungathola bungethole bungethole
Class 15 kungathola kungathola kungethole kungethole
Class 17 kungathola kungathola kungethole kungethole
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizothola engizothola ngizothola angizuthola engingezuthola ngingezuthola
2nd singular uzothola ozothola uzothola awuzuthola ongezuthola ungezuthola
1st plural sizothola esizothola sizothola asizuthola esingezuthola singezuthola
2nd plural nizothola enizothola nizothola anizuthola eningezuthola ningezuthola
Class 1 uzothola ozothola ezothola akazuthola ongezuthola engezuthola
Class 2 bazothola abazothola bezothola abazuthola abangezuthola bengezuthola
Class 3 uzothola ozothola uzothola awuzuthola ongezuthola ungezuthola
Class 4 izothola ezothola izothola ayizuthola engezuthola ingezuthola
Class 5 lizothola elizothola lizothola alizuthola elingezuthola lingezuthola
Class 6 azothola azothola ezothola awazuthola angezuthola engezuthola
Class 7 sizothola esizothola sizothola asizuthola esingezuthola singezuthola
Class 8 zizothola ezizothola zizothola azizuthola ezingezuthola zingezuthola
Class 9 izothola ezothola izothola ayizuthola engezuthola ingezuthola
Class 10 zizothola ezizothola zizothola azizuthola ezingezuthola zingezuthola
Class 11 luzothola oluzothola luzothola aluzuthola olungezuthola lungezuthola
Class 14 buzothola obuzothola buzothola abuzuthola obungezuthola bungezuthola
Class 15 kuzothola okuzothola kuzothola akuzuthola okungezuthola kungezuthola
Class 17 kuzothola okuzothola kuzothola akuzuthola okungezuthola kungezuthola
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyothola engiyothola ngiyothola angiyuthola engingeyuthola ngingeyuthola
2nd singular uyothola oyothola uyothola awuyuthola ongeyuthola ungeyuthola
1st plural siyothola esiyothola siyothola asiyuthola esingeyuthola singeyuthola
2nd plural niyothola eniyothola niyothola aniyuthola eningeyuthola ningeyuthola
Class 1 uyothola oyothola eyothola akayuthola ongeyuthola engeyuthola
Class 2 bayothola abayothola beyothola abayuthola abangeyuthola bengeyuthola
Class 3 uyothola oyothola uyothola awuyuthola ongeyuthola ungeyuthola
Class 4 iyothola eyothola iyothola ayiyuthola engeyuthola ingeyuthola
Class 5 liyothola eliyothola liyothola aliyuthola elingeyuthola lingeyuthola
Class 6 ayothola ayothola eyothola awayuthola angeyuthola engeyuthola
Class 7 siyothola esiyothola siyothola asiyuthola esingeyuthola singeyuthola
Class 8 ziyothola eziyothola ziyothola aziyuthola ezingeyuthola zingeyuthola
Class 9 iyothola eyothola iyothola ayiyuthola engeyuthola ingeyuthola
Class 10 ziyothola eziyothola ziyothola aziyuthola ezingeyuthola zingeyuthola
Class 11 luyothola oluyothola luyothola aluyuthola olungeyuthola lungeyuthola
Class 14 buyothola obuyothola buyothola abuyuthola obungeyuthola bungeyuthola
Class 15 kuyothola okuyothola kuyothola akuyuthola okungeyuthola kungeyuthola
Class 17 kuyothola okuyothola kuyothola akuyuthola okungeyuthola kungeyuthola
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngithole ngingatholi
2nd singular uthole ungatholi
1st plural sithole singatholi
2nd plural nithole ningatholi
Class 1 athole angatholi
Class 2 bathole bangatholi
Class 3 uthole ungatholi
Class 4 ithole ingatholi
Class 5 lithole lingatholi
Class 6 athole angatholi
Class 7 sithole singatholi
Class 8 zithole zingatholi
Class 9 ithole ingatholi
Class 10 zithole zingatholi
Class 11 luthole lungatholi
Class 14 buthole bungatholi
Class 15 kuthole kungatholi
Class 17 kuthole kungatholi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngathola ngangathola, angathola, angangathola
2nd singular wathola wangathola, awathola, awangathola
1st plural sathola sangathola, asathola, asangathola
2nd plural nathola nangathola, anathola, anangathola
Class 1 wathola wangathola, akathola, akangathola
Class 2 bathola bangathola, abathola, abangathola
Class 3 wathola wangathola, awathola, awangathola
Class 4 yathola yangathola, ayathola, ayangathola
Class 5 lathola langathola, alathola, alangathola
Class 6 athola angathola, awathola, awangathola
Class 7 sathola sangathola, asathola, asangathola
Class 8 zathola zangathola, azathola, azangathola
Class 9 yathola yangathola, ayathola, ayangathola
Class 10 zathola zangathola, azathola, azangathola
Class 11 lwathola lwangathola, alwathola, alwangathola
Class 14 bathola bangathola, abathola, abangathola
Class 15 kwathola kwangathola, akwathola, akwangathola
Class 17 kwathola kwangathola, akwathola, akwangathola

References[edit]