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  • (US) IPA(key): /tɹænsˈfəɹəns/, /ˈtɹænsfəɹəns/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈtɹansf(ə)ɹ(ə)ns/, /ˈtɹɑːnsf(ə)ɹ(ə)ns/, /ˈtɹanzf(ə)ɹ(ə)ns/, /ˈtɹɑːnzf(ə)ɹ(ə)ns/
  • (file)


transference (countable and uncountable, plural transferences)

  1. The act of conveying from one place to another; the act of transferring or the fact of being transferred.
  2. (psychology) The process by which emotions and desires, originally associated with one person, such as a parent, are unconsciously shifted to another.
    • 1974, Thomas S. Szasz, M.D., chapter 15, in The Myth of Mental Illness[1], →ISBN, page 253:
      Furthermore, although probably few analysts still believe
      that transference occurs only in the context of the psycho-
      analytic situation, many hold that this phenomenon pertains
      only to object relationships. I submit, however, that the char-
      acteristic features of transference can be observed in other
      situations as well, especially in the area of learned skills.6
      Thus, speaking a language with a foreign accent is one of the
      most striking everyday examples of transference. In the tradi-
      tional concept of transference, one person (the analysand)
      behaves toward another (the analyst) as if the latter were
      someone else, previously familiar to him; and the subject is
      usually unaware of the actual manifestations of his own trans-
      ferred behavior. In exactly the same way, persons who speak
      English (or any other language) with a foreign accent treat
      English as if it were their mother tongue; and they are usually
      unaware of the actual manifestations of their transferred be-
      havior. Such persons think of themselves as speaking unac-
      cented English: they cannot hear their own distortions of the
      language when they speak. Only when their accent is pointed
      out to them, or, better, only when they hear their recorded
      voices played back to them, do they recognize their linguistic
      transferences. These are striking parallels not only between
      the stereotyped behavioral acts due to previous habit, but also
      between the necessity for auxiliary channels of information
      outside the person's own self for recognizing the effects of
      these habits. This view of transference rests on empirical
      observations concerning the basic human tendency to general-
      ize experiences.

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