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Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


Uncertain. Possibly from Vulgar Latin *trinicāre (cut in three parts), with the root trini from tres, based on the model of duplicāre; alternatively from an alteration of Latin truncāre, also possibly influenced by or crossed with a Gaulish *trincare (to cut (the head)). Compare also Old Occitan trencar.



  1. to cut (make an incision)


This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -ier, with a palatal stem. These verbs are conjugated mostly like verbs in -er, but there is an extra i before the e of some endings. In the present tense an extra supporting e is needed in the first-person singular indicative and throughout the singular subjunctive, and the third-person singular subjunctive ending -t is lost. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.