trotz

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See also: Trotz

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortened from zum Trotz (dem), compare trotzdem.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /trɔts/, ['tʰʁ̞̊ɔtʰs], ['trots]
  • Homophone: Trotts

Preposition[edit]

trotz ‎(+ dative or genitive)

  1. in spite of, despite

Usage notes[edit]

  • The word originally governed the dative exclusively, as it is shortened from either the phrase zum Trotz or from constructions with the verb trotzen, both of which govern the dative. Compare trotzdem from the same sources, which is a connection of this word with the required dative article. While this is the predominant usage (in spoken German), due to historical hypercorrection with a desire for a formal tone, usage with the genitive is considered correct today by the official rules of Germany.

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]