From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Trotz



Shortened from zum Trotz (dem) or from constructions with the dative verb trotzen. Compare trotzdem.


  • IPA(key): /trɔts/, [ˈtʰʁ̞̊ɔtʰs], [ˈtrots]
  • (file)
  • Homophone: Trotts


trotz (+ genitive or dative)

  1. in spite of, despite
    Trotz aller Bemühungen ist es uns nicht gelungen, die Ziele des Projekts zu erreichen.
    Despite our best efforts, we were unable to succeed in achieving the project's objectives.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Trotz originally governed the dative exclusively. Today, dative usage is predominant in colloquial German, whereas genitive usage is predominant in Standard German. This change is due to historical hypercorrection with a desire for an educated tone.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • trotz” in Duden online
  • trotz” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache